Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The word chintz comes from the word chhint.
Tipu’s sword was made of Wootz
India’s textile exports declined in the nineteenth
Bandanna patterns were mostly produced in Rajasthan
For coloured textiles, the thread was dyed
by the dyer, known as rangrez.
Wootz steel making process was widely known
in south India.
In 1764, the spinning jenny was invented by
The Tata Iron and Steel factory was set up on
the banks of the river Subarnarekha.
The invention of the steam engine by Richard
Arkwright in 1786 revolutionised cotton textile weaving.
The charkha and the takli
were household spinning instruments.
Surat in Gujarat on the west coast of India
was one of the most important ports of the Indian Ocean trade. True
Indian Wootz steel fascinated European
In most communities weaving was a task done
by women. False
From the 1850s, Britain came to be known as
the “workshop of the world”. True
The Dutch, the French and the English
companies purchased cotton and silk textiles in India by importing copper. False
Khadi gradually became a symbol of
Iron smelting in India was extremely common
till the end of the nineteenth century. True
The furnaces were most often built of clay
and sun-dried bricks. True
Q3. During which period patola weaving was famous?
Ans. Patola weaving was famous in mid-nineteenth
Q4. Why were bellows used?
Ans. Bellows were used for pumping air that kept the
Q5. When and where was the first cotton mill set up in India?
Ans. The first cotton mill in India was set up as a
spinning mill in Bombay in 1854.
Q6. What were piece goods?
Ans. Piece goods were usually woven cloth pieces that
were 20 yards long and 1 yard wide.
Q7. What is Jamdani?
Ans. Jamdani is a fine muslin on which decorative
motifs are woven on the loom, typically in grey and white.
Q8. Why were Indian textiles renowned in the world?
Ans. Indian textiles had long been renowned both for
their fine quality and exquisite craftsmanship.
Q9. What were the most important centres of jamdani weaving?
Ans. The most important centres of jamdani weaving
were Dacca in Bengal and Lucknow in the United Provinces.
Q10. Name the place where chintz was produced during the mid-
Ans. Chintz was produced in Masulipatnam, Andhra
Pradesh, in mid-nineteenth century.
Q11. How did the European trading companies purchase cotton and
silk textiles in India?
Ans. European trading companies purchased cotton and
silk textiles in India by importing silver.
Q12. What did Mahatma Gandhi urge people during national
Ans. During the national movement, Mahatma Gandhi
urged people to boycott imported textiles and use hand-spun and hand woven cloth.
Q13. What made Britain the foremost industrial nation in the
Ans. Mechanised production of cotton textiles made
Britain the foremost industrial nation in the nineteenth century.
Q14. How did Indian cotton factories prove to be helpful during
the First World War?
Ans. During the First World War when textile imports
from Britain declined and Indian factories were called upon to produce cloth for
Q15. Name two towns emerged as important new centres of weaving
in the late nineteenth century.
Ans. Sholapur in western India and Madura in South
India emerged as important new centres of weaving in the late nineteenth
Q16. Why were printed Indian cotton textiles popular in England?
Why there was craze for printed Indian cotton textiles in
England and Europe?
Ans. There was craze for printed Indian cotton
textiles in England and Europe mainly for their exquisite floral designs, fine
texture and relative cheapness.