Q1. Fill in the blanks.
i. The word chintz comes from the word __________.
ii. Tipu’s sword was made of ____________ steel.
iii. India’s textile exports declined in the ________________ century.
iv. Bandanna patterns were mostly produced in ______________ and _______________.
v. For coloured textiles, the thread was dyed by the dyer, known as ______________.
vi. Wootz steel making process was widely known in _________ India.
vii. In 1764, the spinning jenny was invented by _________________.
viii. The Tata Iron and Steel factory was set up on the banks of the river _________________.
ix. The invention of the steam engine by ______________________ in 1786 revolutionised cotton textile weaving.
x. The ______________ and the _____________ were household spinning instruments.
i. Surat in Gujarat on the west coast of India was one of the most important ports of the Indian Ocean trade. _________
ii. Indian Wootz steel fascinated European scientists. _________
iii. In most communities weaving was a task done by women. _________
iv. From the 1850s, Britain came to be known as the “workshop of the world”. _________
v. The Dutch, the French and the English companies purchased cotton and silk textiles in India by importing copper. _________
vi. Khadi gradually became a symbol of nationalism. _________
vii. Iron smelting in India was extremely common till the end of the nineteenth century. _________
viii. The furnaces were most often built of clay and sun-dried bricks. _________
Q3. During which period patola weaving was famous?
Q4. Why were bellows used?
Q5. When and where was the first cotton mill set up in India?
Q6. What were piece goods?
Q7. What is Jamdani?
Q8. Why were Indian textiles renowned in the world?
Q9. What were the most important centres of jamdani weaving?
Q10. Name the place where chintz was produced during the mid- nineteenth century?
Q11. How did the European trading companies purchase cotton and silk textiles in India?
Q12. What did Mahatma Gandhi urge people during national movement?
Q13. What made Britain the foremost industrial nation in the nineteenth century?
Q14. How did Indian cotton factories prove to be helpful during the First World War?
Q15. Name two towns emerged as important new centres of weaving in the late nineteenth century.
Q16. Why were printed Indian cotton textiles popular in England?
Why there was craze for printed Indian cotton textiles in England and Europe?