Topic outline

    • People as Resource 

      Q1. What is the full form of GNP?

      Ans. Gross National Product 


      Q2. What is the name of the school set in each district by the government for the talented students of rural areas?

      Ans. Navodaya Vidyalaya


      Q3. In which case women get paid for their work?

      Ans. Women are paid for their work when they enter the labour market.


      Q4. What is infant mortality rate?

      Ans. Infant mortality rate is the death of a child under one year of age.


      Q5. What is called work force?
      Which age group is known as work force population?

      Ans. The workforce population includes people from 15 years to 59 years.


      Q6. Which is the most labour absorbing sector of the Indian economy?

      Ans. Agriculture is the most labour absorbing sector of the economy.


      Q7. What kinds of jobs attract women in organised sector?

      Ans. Among the organised sector, teaching and medicine attract them the most.


      Q8. Which factor decides the growth rate of a country?

      Ans. The quality of the population ultimately decides the growth rate of the country.


      Q9. How will you explain the term unemployment?

      Ans. Unemployment is said to exist when people who are willing to work at the going wages cannot find jobs. 


      Q10. When does population become human capital?

      Ans. Population becomes human capital when there is investment made in the form of education, training and medical care.


      Q11. What are the major determinants of the earning of any individual in the market?

      Ans. Education and skill are the major determinants of the earning of any individual in the market.


      Q12. How is education useful to an individual?

      Ans. Education helps individual to make better use of the economic opportunities available before him.


      Q13. What do you mean by birth rate?

      Ans. Birth rate is the number of babies born there for every 1,000 people during a particular period of time.

      Q14. What is death rate?

      Ans. Death rate is the number of people per 1,000 who die during a particular period of time.


      Q15. What is educated unemployment?

      Ans. Educated unemployment is unemployment among people with an academic degree.


      Q16. What does increase in longevity of life indicate?

      Ans. Increase in longevity of life is an indicator of good quality of life marked by self-confidence.


      Q17. What are the two indicators for assessing the future of a country?

      Ans. Increase in life expectancy and improvement in child care are useful in assessing the future progress of the country.


      Q18. How do rural areas differ from urban areas in terms of unemployment?

      Ans. In case of rural areas, there is seasonal and disguised unemployment. Urban areas have mostly educated unemployment.


      Q19. How can infant mortality be reduced?

      Ans. Reduction in infant mortality involves the protection of children from infection, ensuring nutrition along with mother and childcare.


      Q20. Why have vocational streams been developed?

      Ans. Vocational streams have been developed to equip large number of high school students with occupations related to knowledge and skills.


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