Story of Village Palampur
Q47. What was the traditional type of seeds used in cultivation
that existed till mid -1960s and how was it different from the Green Revolution
in the late 1960s?
Till the mid-1960s, the seeds used in
cultivation were traditional ones with relatively low yields.
Traditional seeds needed less irrigation.
Farmers used cow-dung and other natural manure as fertilizers.
All these were readily available with the
farmers who did not have to buy them.
The Green Revolution in the late 1960s
introduced the Indian farmer to cultivation of wheat and rice using high
yielding varieties (HYVs) of seeds.
Compared to the traditional seeds, the HYV
seeds promised to produce much greater amounts of grain on a single plant.
As a result, the same piece of land would
now produce far larger quantities of food grains than was possible earlier.
HYV seeds, however, needed plenty of water
and also chemical fertilizers and pesticides to produce best
Q48. What are four requirements for production of goods and
What is the aim of production? Explain the four requirements for
production of goods and services.
Ans. The aim of production is to produce the goods and
services that we want.
are four requirements for production of goods and services.
The first requirement is land, and other natural resources such as water, forests,
The second requirement is labour, i.e. people who will do the work. Some production
activities require highly educated workers to perform the necessary tasks.
Other activities require workers who can do manual work. Each worker is
providing the labour necessary for production.
The third requirement is physical capital, i.e. the variety of inputs required at
every stage during production.
is of two types:
Fixed capital: Tools, machines, buildings
Working capital: Raw materials and money in
There is a fourth requirement too. We will need knowledge and enterprise to be able
to put together land, labour and physical capital and produce an output either
to use ourself or to sell in the market. This these days is called human
Q49. Every village in India is surveyed once in ten years during
the Census and some of details are presented in the following format. Fill up
the following based on information on Palampur.
a. LOCATION: Bulandshahr district in Western Uttar
b. TOTAL AREA OF THE VILLAGE: 226 hectares
c. LAND USE (in hectares):
Land not available for
cultivation (Area covering dwellings, roads, ponds, grazing ground)
2 primary schools and 1 high school
1 primary health centre run by the
government and 1 private dispensary
Raiganj and Shahpur
Most of the houses have electric
connections. Electricity powers all the tube wells in the fields and is used
in various types of small business.
Palampur is well-connected with neighbouring
villages and towns. Raiganj, a big village, is 3 kms from Palampur. An all-weather
road connects the village to Raiganj and further on to the nearest small
town of Shahpur. Many kinds of transport are visible on this road starting from
bullock carts, tongas, bogeys (wooden cart drawn by buffalos) loaded with
jiggery (gur) and other commodities to motor vehicles like motorcycles,
jeeps, tractors and trucks.