Story of Village Palampur
Q35. What can be done so that more non-farm production
activities can be started in villages?
Ans. To promote more non-farm production activities in
villages the following steps can be taken:
The government should start up such a
scheme under which landless labourers and small farmers are able to get cheap
loans to start up the non-farm production activities.
Government should provide training to the
villagers in different small crafts.
The concerned authority should also work
towards improving the infrastructure of village.
Small industries can be set up in rural
Q36. What are the main factors responsible for production?
Explain the factors responsible for production.
Ans. Following are the factors responsible for
Land : It is a free gift of nature and it is neither created nor destroyed.
Labour : It is a factor which helps in production. There are three types of
labour—skilled, semiskilled and unskilled.
Capital : It is a part which is invested. There are two types of capital namely
physical and working capital.
Entrepreneurs : The person who is taking risk is known as entrepreneur. Without
entrepreneur land, labour capitals are useless.
Q37. Differentiate between Fixed and Working Capital.
Ans. Difference between Fixed and Working Capital
1. Tools and machines range from very simple
tools such as a farmers plough to sophisticated machines such as generators,
turbines, computers etc. are fixed capital.
1. Raw materials and money in hand are called
Working Capital e.g. clay, yarn etc.
2. Tools, machines and buildings can be used
in production over many years.
2. It is used up in production.
Q38. “Scientific reports indicate that the modern farming methods
have over used the natural resource base.” Justify the statement.
In many areas, Green Revolution is
associated with the loss of soil fertility due to increased use of chemical
Also, continuous use of groundwater for
tubewell irrigation has reduced the water-table below the ground.
Environmental resources like soil fertility
and groundwater are built up over many years.
Once destroyed it is very difficult to
We must take care of the environment to
ensure future development of agriculture.
Q39. Describe the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.
Ans. A farmer with 1 hectare of land will be called a
small farmer. Small farmers along with their families cultivate their own
fields. Thus, they provide the labour required for farming themselves. Most
small farmers have to borrow money to arrange for the capital. They borrow from
large farmers or the village moneylenders or the traders who supply various
inputs for cultivation. The rate of interest on such loans is very high. Small
farmer uses simple tools for the cultivation and uses a pair of bullock cart to
plough the field. After the harvest small farmer has little surplus because his
total production is small and from this a substantial share is kept for his own
Q40. Palampur is a well-developed village. Explain.
How can you say that Palampur is a well-developed village?
Ans. Palampur is a well-developed village because of
the following reasons:
It has a well-developed system of
irrigation. This helps the farmers to irrigate larger areas of land more
Farmers of Palampur have adopted multiple
cropping. They grow at least two main crops; many are growing potato as the
third crop in the past fifteen to twenty years.
They use modern method of farming. With the
HYV seeds, the yield went up to 3200 kg per hectare.
People of Palampur are engaged in small
scale manufacturing. There are small
general stores in the village selling wide range daily needs commodities.
Palampur has fairly well-developed system
of roads, transport, electricity, irrigation, schools and health centre.