Story of Village Palampur
Q27. What are the sources of irrigation in Palampur?
Ans. Before the access to electricity in Palampur,
farmers used to draw water from wells through Persian wheels and irrigate the
fields. They also used to be dependent on rainfall for irrigation over large
areas. The irrigation system of the village became well developed when
electricity reached to Palampur. Now farmers started using electric tubewell
which is able to irrigate much larger areas of land more efficiently.
Q28. On what terms did Savita get a loan from Tajpal Singh?
Would Savita’s condition be different if she could get a loan from the bank at
a low rate of interest?
got a loan at an interest rate of 24 per cent for four months. She also had to
work on his field as a farm labourer during the harvest season at very low wage.
case would have been different if Savita would have taken loan from the bank at
a low rate of interest. She could have easily repaid the loan and her condition
would have been far better.
Q29. How is the distribution of land among farmers related to the
productivity from the land?
Ans. Farmers with small land holdings use traditional
methods of cultivation which impact the overall productivity. They have little
surplus because their total production is small and from this a substantial
share is kept for their own family needs.
with large holdings of land use modern methods of production and increase their
overall productivity. Large and medium farmers sell the surplus
Q30. Modern farming methods require more inputs which are
manufactured in industry. Do you agree?
Ans. Modern farming methods include use of high
yielding varieties (HYVs) seeds. HYV seeds,
however, needed plenty of water and also chemical fertilizers and pesticides
to produce best results. Higher yields are possible only from a combination of
HYV seeds, irrigation facilities (electric tube wells), chemical fertilisers,
pesticides etc. and all these elements are manufactured in industry.
Thus, it is correct to say that farming methods require more inputs which are
manufactured in industry.
Q31. What is working capital? Why is it important?
Ans. Raw materials and money in hand are called working
capital. Unlike tools, machines and buildings, these are used up in
capital is required because:
Production requires a variety of raw
materials such as the yarn used by the weaver and the clay used by the potter.
Also, some money is always required during
production to make payments and buy other necessary items.
Q32. What are the main constrains in raising farm production?
What are the major constraints in raising farm production in
Palampur since 1960?
Ans. The main constrains in raising farm production
Land area under cultivation is practically
Since 1960 in Palampur, there has been no
expansion in land area under cultivation.
By then, some of the wastelands in the
village had been converted to cultivable land.
There exists no further scope to increase
farm production by bringing new land under cultivation.
Q33. Why are farmers able to grow three different crops in a
year in Palampur?
How were the farmers able to grow three different crops in a
year in Palampur?
The main reason why farmers are able to
grow three different crops in a year in Palampur is due to the well-developed
system of irrigation.
Electricity came early to Palampur. Its
major impact was to transform the system of irrigation.
Persian wheels were, till then, used by
farmers to draw water from the wells and irrigate small fields. People saw that
the electric-run tubewells could irrigate much larger areas of land more
The first few tubewells were installed by
Q34. What are the modern methods of farming? State its harmful
Ans. Modern methods of farming are:
Fertilizers and HYV seeds
Chemical fertilizers may escape from the soil and pollute groundwater, rivers
Chemical fertilizers can also kill bacteria and other microorganisms in the