Topic outline

    • Food Security in India 

      Q1. Name the revolution brought about by Amul.

      Ans. White Revolution


      Q2. Where is the Academy of Development Science located?

      Ans. Maharashtra


      Q3. What does FCI stand for?

      Ans. Food Corporation of India (FCI)


      Q4. What is the full form of NHFS?

      Ans. NHFS stands for National Health and Family Survey.


      Q5. Mention any two programmes initiated by the government having food component in them.

      Ans. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Mid-Day Meals


      Q6. Mention the names of any two cooperative societies working in different states of India.

      Ans. Mother Dairy – Delhi

              Amul – Gujarat


      Q7. State the two components of food security system.
      What are the components of food security system in India?

      Ans. Food security system is composed of two components: (a) buffer stock and (b) public distribution system.


      Q8. What do you mean by buffer stock?
      What is buffer stock?
      What is meant by buffer stock?

      Ans. Buffer Stock is the stock of food grains, namely wheat and rice procured by the government through Food Corporation of India (FCI).


      Q9. When was rationing system introduced in India?
      In which year rationing system was introduced in India?
      When was rationing system started?

      Ans. The introduction of Rationing in India dates back to the 1940s against the backdrop of the Bengal famine.


      Q10. When was rationing system revived after Bengal famine?

      Ans. The rationing system was revived in the wake of an acute food shortage during the 1960s, prior to the Green Revolution. 


      Q11. Which programme is acknowledged as the successful and innovative food security intervention?

      Ans. The ADS Grain Bank programme is acknowledged as a successful and innovative food security intervention.


      Q12. What is food security?

      Ans. Food security means availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times.


      Q13. What is the most important step taken by the Government of India towards ensuring food security?
      Which is the most important step taken by the government of India to ensure food security?

      Ans. Public Distribution System (PDS) is the most important step taken by the Government of India (GoI) towards ensuring food security.


      Q14. Define subsidy.
      What is subsidy?

      Ans. Subsidy is a payment that a government makes to a producer to supplement the market price of a commodity.


      Q15. Name the new strategy adopted in agriculture in India after independence to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.

      Ans. India adopted a new strategy in agriculture, which resulted in the ‘Green Revolution’ especially in the production of wheat and rice.


      Q16. Which was the most devastating famine that occurred in India?
      When and where was the most devastating famine in India occurred?
      When did the most devastating Bengal famine occur?

      Ans. The most devastating famine that occurred in India was the famine of Bengal in 1943. This famine killed thirty lakh people in the province of Bengal.


      Q17. What are fair price shops?

      Ans. The food procured by the FCI is distributed through government regulated ration shops among the poorer section of the society. These ration shops are also known as Fair Price Shops.


      Q18.What is Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS)?

      Ans. In 1992, Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS) was introduced in 1,700 blocks in the country. The target was to provide the benefits of PDS to remote and backward areas. 


      Q19. How has minimum support price supported the farmers?

      Ans. The minimum support price and procurement has contributed to an increase in food grain production and provided income security to farmers in certain regions.


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