from the Brink (by Rita Banerji and Maya Khosla)
Read to understand
A. Answer these
questions with reference to the context.
are first steps, but positive ones, towards a more sustainable future.’
Who took these first steps?
Ans. Tribal people took these first steps.
What two important steps were taken?
Ans. Two important steps taken were:
Self-imposed ban on hunting
by the tribal people
Ex-poachers became forest
In what way were the steps positive?
Ans. The steps were positive because it will revive the wildlife
population and set up infrastructure for ecotourism.
Who are Tai, Manga, and Jarjo?
Ans. Tai, Maga, and Jarjo are young Nyshi tribals who were
helping the film-makers with their documentary film.
Why did Jarjo mimic the sound of a baby deer in trouble?
Ans. Jarjo mimicked the sound to lure the mother deer so that
the film-makers could film the scene.
When did the film-makers’ sojourn in the north-east begin? What was their
objective during their stay?
Ans. The film-makers sojourn began
in 2002, in the Pakke National Park in Arunachal Pradesh. The objective was to
film the rehabilitation of two Himalayan black bear cubs orphaned by hunting.
4. What goal did the film-makers intend to
achieve through their latest efforts?
Ans. The film-makers’ goal was to document the extent of hunting
and to determine whether there was any hope for the future of wildlife in the
Why have generations of tribal people in the north-east been hunting wild
Ans. Hunting is part of the tradition and culture of the tribal
people. The animals they hunt provide food and bones, furs, and feathers for
decoration and rituals during most festivals.
What motivated the tribal people to hunt wildlife recklessly?
Ans. The demand for animals and birds motivated the tribal
people to hunt recklessly.
What shows that the young tribals were more concerned about their environment
Ans. The tribals’ self-imposed ban on hunting shows that the
young tribals were more concerned about their environment than traditions.
What positive example have some ex-poachers set? Why would this ensure a
Ans. In Manas, Assam, ex-poachers
have turned into forest guides, putting their intimate knowledge of the forest
to far better use. This would ensure a sustainable future because it will
revive the wildlife population and set up infrastructure for ecotourism.
Discuss and write
Do you think it was easy for the tribal people to decide on the ban? Why?
Ans. No, I don’t think it was easy for the tribal people to
decide on the ban because hunting was part of their tradition and culture. They
have been hunting for generations for their livelihood.
and protection of the environment is not a spectator sport.’ What does this
mean? How should each of us be involved in the preservation of the environment?
Ans. ’Preservation and protection of the environment is not a
spectator sport.’ This means that merely just advocating that we need to do
something to preserve the environment will not serve the purpose. We need to be
involved in in the preservation of the environment.
Simple ways to preserve the environment
Use Reusable Bags
Print as Little as Necessary
Use a Reusable Beverage
Avoid Taking Cars or Carpool
words in the passage that mean the same as the phrases given below.
to take out - extract
to imitate someone/something - mimic
send/go to live in another place - rehabilitation
to keep getting less and less - deplete/decline
to strengthen and support - sustain
) the basic requirements of a city (roads, buildings, power supply, etc.)
needed to support society - infrastructure