Ans. The Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha
Ans. EVM means Electronic Voting Machine.
Ans. The Parliament, while in session, begins with a question hour.
Ans. EVMs were used throughout the country for the first time in the 2004 general elections.
Ans. Constituency is an area whose voters elect a representative to a legislative body.
Ans. Lok Sabha (House of the People), with a total membership of 545, is presided over by the Speaker.
Ans. Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making and control the government.
Ans. The principle of universal adult franchise means that all adult citizens of the country have the right to vote.
Ans. The President nominates 2 members to the Lok Sabha and 12 members to the Rajya Sabha.
Ans. The Opposition in Parliament is formed by all the political parties that oppose the majority party/coalition formed. The largest amongst these parties is called the Opposition party.
Ans. Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making and control the government, thus making it the most important symbol of Indian democracy and a key feature of the Constitution.
Ans. Lok Sabha is more powerful with regard to financial matters because money bills can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha. Thus, it controls the finances of the government.
Ans. Some seats are reserved in Parliament for SCs and STs. This has been done so that the MPs elected from these constituencies will be familiar with and can represent Dalit and Adivasi interests in Parliament.
Ans. The Opposition parties play a critical role in the healthy functioning of a democracy. They highlight drawbacks in various policies and programmes of the government and mobilise popular support for their own policies.
Ans. The basic ideals of democracy are:
i. The ideas of participation in decision-making.
ii. The need for all democratic governments to have the consent of their citizens.
Ans. The major functions of the parliament are:
i. To select the National Government
ii. To control, guide and inform the government
Ans. The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the two houses: the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People).
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