Do We Need a Parliament?
Q1. What are the two Houses of Parliament?
The Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha
Q2. What does EVM mean?
EVM means Electronic Voting Machine.
Q3. How does the Parliament session begins?
The Parliament, while in session, begins with a question hour.
Q4. When were EVMs used for the first time?
Ans. EVMs were used throughout the country for the
first time in the 2004 general elections.
Q5. What is a constituency?
is an area whose voters elect a representative to a legislative body.
Q6. Who presides over Lok Sabha?
Lok Sabha (House of the People), with a total membership of 545, is presided
over by the Speaker.
Q7. What is the purpose of parliament?
What is the main function of the parliament?
Ans. Parliament enables citizens of India to
participate in decision making and control the government.
Q8. What is the principle of universal adult franchise?
Ans. The principle of universal adult franchise means that
all adult citizens of the country have the right to vote.
Q9. How many members does the President nominates in Lok Sabha
and Rajya Sabha?
The President nominates 2 members to the Lok Sabha and 12 members to the Rajya
Q10. Who makes the opposition party?
The Opposition in Parliament is formed by all the political parties that oppose
the majority party/coalition formed. The largest amongst these parties is
called the Opposition party.
Q11. Parliament is the most important symbol of Indian
Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making and
control the government, thus making it the most important symbol of Indian
democracy and a key feature of the Constitution.
Q12. Which house of parliament is more powerful with regard to
financial matters and how?
Lok Sabha is more powerful with regard to financial matters because money bills
can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha. Thus, it controls the finances of the
Q13. Give reasons for the reservation of seats in Parliament for
SCs, STs and OBCs.
Some seats are reserved in Parliament for SCs and STs. This has been done so
that the MPs elected from these constituencies will be familiar with and can
represent Dalit and Adivasi interests in Parliament.
Q14. Opposition plays an important role in democracy. Justify.
What is the role of opposition in democracy?
The Opposition parties play a critical role in the healthy functioning of a
democracy. They highlight drawbacks in various policies and programmes of the
government and mobilise popular support for their own policies.
Q15. What are the basic ideals of democracy?
Ans. The basic ideals of democracy are:
The ideas of participation in
The need for all democratic governments to
have the consent of their citizens.
Q16. What are the major functions of the parliament?
Ans. The major functions of the parliament are:
To select the National Government
To control, guide and inform the government
Q17. Enlist the components of Indian Parliament.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of
India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the
two houses: the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the