and Social Justice
Q1. How are the people of working class exploited economically?
are made to work for lower pay and for longer hours.
Q2. What does the right against exploitation state?
Ans. The Right against Exploitation says that no one
can be forced to work for low wages or under bondage.
Q3. Why do the workers willingly work in unsafe conditions?
Ans. Since there is so much unemployment, there are
many workers who are willing to work in unsafe conditions in return
for a wage.
Q4. Why are companies and contractors able to violate environmental
Ans. Companies and contractors are able to violate
environmental laws because these laws are not strictly enforced.
Q5. What does Article 21 of the Constitution state?
Ans. Right to Life is a Fundamental Right under
Article 21 of the Constitution and it includes the right to the enjoyment of
pollution-free water and air for full enjoyment of life.
Q6. Who sets the minimum wages?
Ans. The Minimum Wages Act 1948 is an Act of Parliament
concerning Indian labour law that sets the minimum wages that must be paid to
skilled and unskilled labours.
Q7. Why do we need laws?
Ans. We need laws because it protects our general
safety, and ensure our rights as citizens against abuses by other people, by
organizations, and by the government itself.
Q8. Can you suggest some ways in which enforcement can be improved?
Ans. Ways to improve the enforcement
Recruitment of adequate number of
Anyone found violating the law must be penalised
with a strict punishment
Q9. What are the problems in enforcement?
in enforcement are:
Lack of training
Q10. What are the three basic rights of workers?
Ans. Basics rights of workers are:
Right to work
Right to a fair wage
Decent work conditions
Q11. Why do we need a law on minimum wages?
Ans. We need a law on minimum wages so that workers
may get fair wages by their employers. Most often they are denied fair wages by
their employers. The employers usually take advantage of their poverty and pay
them low wages.
Q12. How can the government ensure social justice?
Ans. Through making, enforcing and upholding the laws,
the government can control the activities of individuals or private companies
so as to ensure social justice. Many of these laws have their basis in the
Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution.
Q13. Can you point to a few other situations where laws (or
rules) exist but people do not follow them because of poor enforcement?
Ans. Yes, they are
Over-speeding by motorists
Boarding a running bus
Not using Zebra crossing for crossing the
Q14. Why do you think enforcement of safety laws is important in
of safety laws is important in any factory for the safety of the workers and
general public. As the lawmaker and enforcer, the government is supposed to
ensure that safety laws are implemented. It is also the duty of the government
to ensure that the Right to Life guaranteed under Article 21 of the
Constitution is not violated.