Ans. Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to become President of the Indian National Congress (1925).
Ans. C. Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was first Governor-General of free India.
Ans. Rabindranath Tagore had renounced the British knighthood in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919.
Ans. A.O Hume was a retired British official. He played a part in bringing Indians from the various regions together.
Ans. The literal meaning of “sarvajanik” is “of or for all the people” (sarva = all + janik = of the people).
Ans. The Indian National Congress was established when 72 delegates from all over the country met at Bombay in December 1885.
Ans. In 1895, along with other Indians, Mahatma Gandhi established the Natal Congress to fight against racial discrimination.
Ans. Dadabhai Naoroji wrote the book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India. It offered a scathing criticism of the economic impact of British rule.
Ans. The Muslim League resolution of 1940 asked for “Independent States” for Muslims in the north-western and eastern areas of the country.
Ans. Lala Lajpat Rai was a nationalist from Punjab. He was one of the leading members of the Radical group which was critical of the politics of petitions. He was also an active member of the Arya Samaj.
Ans. Government of India Act of 1935 prescribed provincial autonomy and the government announced elections to the provincial legislatures in 1937. The Congress formed governments in 7 out of 11 provinces.
Ans. Congress leaders were ready to support the British war effort. But in return they wanted that India be granted independence after the war. The British refused to concede the demand.
Ans. Indian National Congress is composed of the representatives, not of any one class or community of India, but of all the different communities of India. Thus, Indian National Congress wished to speak for all the people of country.
Ans. After the failure of the Cabinet Mission, the Muslim League decided on mass agitation for winning its Pakistan demand. It announced 16 August 1946 as “Direct Action Day”.
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi broke the salt law because according to this law, the state had a monopoly on the manufacture and sale of salt. Mahatma Gandhi along with other nationalists reasoned that it was sinful to tax salt since it is such an essential item of our food.
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