the “Native”, Educating the Nation
Q20. Why were classes not held during harvest time in pathshala
Ans. Classes were not held during harvest time in
pathshala system because rural children had to work in the fields during
Q21. What task was assigned to the pandit by the Company?
Company assigned the pandit to visit the pathshalas and try to improve the
standard of teaching.
Q22. How were Oriental institutions like the Calcutta Madrasa
and Benaras Sanskrit College viewed by the British?
Ans. These institutions were seen as “temples of
darkness that were falling of themselves into decay”.
Q23. What different languages did William Jones study?
Ans. Jones was a linguist. He had studied Greek and
Latin at Oxford, knew French and English, had picked up Arabic from a friend,
and had also learnt Persian.
Q24. Why was the Hindu College established in Benaras?
Ans. The Hindu College was established in Benaras in
1791 to encourage the study of ancient Sanskrit texts that would be useful for
the administration of the country.
Q25. What did Thomas Macaulay urge the British government in
Ans. Thomas Macaulay urged that the British government
in India stop wasting public money in promoting Oriental learning, for it was
of no practical use.
Q26. How does Mahatma Gandhi view literacy?
Ans. According to Mahatma Gandhi literacy is not the end
of education nor even the beginning. It is only one of the means whereby man
and woman can be educated. Literacy in itself is not education.
Q27. Why was the East India Company opposed to missionary
activities in India?
Until 1813, the East India Company was opposed to missionary activities in
India. It feared that missionary activities would provoke reaction amongst the
local population and make them suspicious of British presence in India.
Q28. What do you mean by wood's despatch?
Ans. In 1854, the Court of Directors of the East India
Company in London sent an educational despatch to the Governor-General in
India. Issued by Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Control of the
Company, it has come to be known as Wood’s Despatch.
Q29. Why did William Jones feel the need to study Indian
history, philosophy and law?
Ans. William Jones felt the need to study Indian
history, philosophy and law because only those texts could reveal the real
ideas and laws of the Hindus and Muslims, and only a new study of these texts
could form the basis of future development in India.
Q30. Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts?
Ans. He argued that education ought to develop a
person’s mind and soul. Literacy – or simply learning to read and write – by
itself did not count as education. People had to work with their hands, learn a
craft, and know how different things operated. This would develop their mind
and their capacity to understand.
Q31. What does vernacular mean? Why did the British use this
term in colonial countries like India?
Ans. Vernacular is a term generally used to refer to a
local language or dialect as distinct from what is seen as the standard
language. In colonial countries like India, the British used the term to mark
the difference between the local languages of everyday use and English – the
language of the imperial masters.
Q32. What do you mean by Tagore’s abode of peace?
How did Tagore view his school namely Santiniketan?
Ans. Tagore was of the view that creative learning
could be encouraged only within a natural environment. So he chose to set up
his school 100 kilometres away from Calcutta, in a rural setting. He saw it as
an abode of peace (santiniketan), where living in harmony with nature, children
could cultivate their natural creativity.