Q22. Where was the first textile mill in India established and
Ans. The first textile mill in the country was
established at Fort Gloster near
in 1818 but it closed down after some time.
Q23. Name the major hubs of Information technology industry in
Ans. The major hubs of Information technology industry
are the Silicon Valley of Central California and the Bangalore region of India.
Q24. Where are iron and steel industries in the world?
Ans. The countries in which iron and steel industry is
located are Germany, USA, China, Japan and Russia.
Q25. Where is textile industry concentrated in the world?
Ans. Textile industry is concentrated in India, Hong
Kong, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
Q26. What is the link between the mines and the industry in
Between mines and Pittsburgh is one of the world’s best routes for shipping ore
cheaply – the famous Great Lakes waterway.
Q27. When and where was TISCO started?
Ans. TISCO was started in 1907 at Sakchi, near the
confluence of the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai in Jharkhand.
Q28. What are common alloying elements for steel?
Special alloys of steel can be made by adding small amounts of other metals such
as aluminium, nickel, and copper.
Q29. From where does the iron ore come to Pittsburgh?
Ans. The iron ore come to Pittsburgh from the iron
mines at Minnesota, about 1500 km from Pittsburgh.
Q30. How are industries classified on the basis of raw materials?
Classify industries on the basis of source of raw materials.
Industries may be agro based, mineral based, marine based and forest based
depending on the type of raw materials they use.
Q31. Where the major industrial regions of the world are tend to
Ans. Major industrial
regions tend to be located in the temperate areas, near sea ports and
especially near coal fields.
Q32. What are sunrise industries? Give examples.
Ans. Emerging industries are also known as ‘Sunrise
Industries’. These include Information technology, Wellness, Hospitality and
Q33. Where do we find the major industrial regions of the world?
Ans. Major industrial
regions of the world are eastern North America, western and central Europe, eastern
Europe and eastern Asia.
Q34. What is meant by the term ‘industry’?
Ans. Industry refers to an economic activity that is
concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or the provision of
Q35. What are the main factors which influence the location of
Ans. The factors affecting the location of industries
are the availability of raw material, land, water, labour, power, capital,
transport and market.
Q36. Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of
modern industry and why?
Ans. Steel is
often called the backbone of modern industry because almost everything we use
is either made of iron or steel or has been made with tools and machinery of
Q37. ‘Several textile mills have closed down in Ahmedabad
recently.’ Give reason.
Why in recent years several textile mills have closed down in
What was the major reason for several textile mills to close
down in Ahmedabad?
Ans. Several textile mills have closed down. This is
primarily due to emergence of new textile centres in the country as well as non
upgradation of machines and technology in the mills of Ahmedabad.
Q38. Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?
Ans. The warm, moist climate, port for importing
machinery, availability of raw material and skilled labour resulted in rapid
expansion of the textile industry in Mumbai.
Q39. What products do industrial plants in Jamshedpur produce?
In Jamshedpur, several other industrial plants were set up after TISCO. They
produce chemicals, locomotive parts, agricultural equipment, machinery,
tinplate, cable and wire.
Q40. What industries have started replacing the textile industry
What industries have replaced the cotton textile industry of
cotton textile industry of Osaka has been replaced by other industries, such as
and steel, machinery, shipbuilding, automobiles, electrical equipment and