Topic outline

    • Industries

      Q22. Where was the first textile mill in India established and when?

      Ans. The first textile mill in the country was established at Fort Gloster near

      Kolkata in 1818 but it closed down after some time.


      Q23. Name the major hubs of Information technology industry in the world.

      Ans. The major hubs of Information technology industry are the Silicon Valley of Central California and the Bangalore region of India.


      Q24. Where are iron and steel industries in the world?

      Ans. The countries in which iron and steel industry is located are Germany, USA, China, Japan and Russia.

      Q25. Where is textile industry concentrated in the world?

      Ans. Textile industry is concentrated in India, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.


      Q26. What is the link between the mines and the industry in Pittsburgh?

      Ans. Between mines and Pittsburgh is one of the world’s best routes for shipping ore cheaply – the famous Great Lakes waterway.


      Q27. When and where was TISCO started?

      Ans. TISCO was started in 1907 at Sakchi, near the confluence of the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai in Jharkhand.


      Q28. What are common alloying elements for steel?

      Ans. Special alloys of steel can be made by adding small amounts of other metals such as aluminium, nickel, and copper.


      Q29. From where does the iron ore come to Pittsburgh?

      Ans. The iron ore come to Pittsburgh from the iron mines at Minnesota, about 1500 km from Pittsburgh.

      Q30. How are industries classified on the basis of raw materials?
      Classify industries on the basis of source of raw materials.

      Ans. Industries may be agro based, mineral based, marine based and forest based depending on the type of raw materials they use.


      Q31. Where the major industrial regions of the world are tend to be located?

      Ans.  Major industrial regions tend to be located in the temperate areas, near sea ports and especially near coal fields.


      Q32. What are sunrise industries? Give examples.

      Ans. Emerging industries are also known as ‘Sunrise Industries’. These include Information technology, Wellness, Hospitality and Knowledge.


      Q33. Where do we find the major industrial regions of the world?

      Ans.  Major industrial regions of the world are eastern North America, western and central Europe, eastern Europe and eastern Asia.


      Q34. What is meant by the term ‘industry’?

      Ans. Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or the provision of services.

      Q35. What are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

      Ans. The factors affecting the location of industries are the availability of raw material, land, water, labour, power, capital, transport and market.


      Q36. Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?

      Ans.  Steel is often called the backbone of modern industry because almost everything we use is either made of iron or steel or has been made with tools and machinery of these metals.


      Q37. ‘Several textile mills have closed down in Ahmedabad recently.’ Give reason.
      Why in recent years several textile mills have closed down in Ahmedabad?
      What was the major reason for several textile mills to close down in Ahmedabad?

      Ans. Several textile mills have closed down. This is primarily due to emergence of new textile centres in the country as well as non upgradation of machines and technology in the mills of Ahmedabad.


      Q38. Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?

      Ans. The warm, moist climate, port for importing machinery, availability of raw material and skilled labour resulted in rapid expansion of the textile industry in Mumbai.


      Q39. What products do industrial plants in Jamshedpur produce?

      Ans. In Jamshedpur, several other industrial plants were set up after TISCO. They produce chemicals, locomotive parts, agricultural equipment, machinery, tinplate, cable and wire.

      Q40. What industries have started replacing the textile industry in Osaka?
      What industries have replaced the cotton textile industry of Osaka?

      Ans. The cotton textile industry of Osaka has been replaced by other industries, such as iron and steel, machinery, shipbuilding, automobiles, electrical equipment and cement.


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