Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The raw material is put in the blast
furnace where it undergoes smelting.
The river Yodo provides sufficient
water for the Osaka textile industry.
is often referred to as the ‘Manchester of India’.
Silicon Valley is a part of Santa Clara
Valley, located next to the Rocky Mountains of North America.
The first successful modern textile mill
was established in Mumbai in 1854.
activities or manufacturing change raw materials into products of more
value to people.
Leather industry is an agro-based industry.
Small scale industries use lesser amount of
capital and technology as compared to large scale industries. True
Maruti Udyog Limited is an example of co-operative
sector industry. False
Alloys give steel unusual hardness,
toughness, or ability to resist rust. True
Finished product has more value and utility
than the raw material that it is made from. False
Q3. What is the output of iron and steel industry?
Q4. Where is Silicon Valley located?
Valley is located in California.
Q5. Which is the largest lake of the world?
Ans. Lake Superior is the largest of these five lakes.
Q6. What does AMUL stand for?
Ans. AMUL stands for Anand Milk Union Limited.
Q7. Name some natural fibres.
Natural fibres are wool, silk, cotton, linen and jute.
Q8. Where is Ahmedabad located in India?
Ans. It is located in Gujarat on the banks of the
Q9. Which Indian city is known as "The Manchester of
Ans. Ahmedabad is often referred to as the ‘Manchester
Q10. Name some man-made fibres.
Man-made fibres include nylon, polyester, acrylic and rayon.
Q11. What is full form TISCO?
Ans. TISCO stands for Tata Iron and Steel Company
Q12. What are the effects of alloying elements on steel?
Alloys give steel unusual hardness, toughness, or ability to resist rust.
Q13. What are the processes of cotton textile industries?
Ans. The processes include ginning, spinning, weaving,
dyeing and printing.
Q14. When and where was the first successful textile mill
established in India?
Ans. The first successful modern textile mill was
established in Mumbai in 1854.
Q15. Name the great lakes of the world.
Ans. The names of great lakes are Superior, Huron,
Ontario, Michigan and Erie.
Q16. Where did the word textile come from?
Ans. The term ‘textile’ is derived from Latin word
texere which means to weave.
Q17. What are the different ways in which the industries are
Name three common methods of classifying industries.
can be classified on the basis of raw materials, size and ownership.
Q18. What is Smelting?
Ans. It is the process in which metals are extracted
from their ores by heating beyond the melting point.
Q19. Why Bangalore is called “Silicon Plateau”?
Why Bangalore is known as Silicon Plateau?
Ans. Bangalore is located on the Deccan Plateau from
where it gets the name ‘Silicon Plateau’.
Q20. Why do industrial disasters occur?
What are the main causes of industrial accidents?
Ans. In industries, accidents/disaster mainly occurs
due to technical failure or irresponsible handling of hazardous material.
Q21. Which place is known as ‘Manchester of Japan’?
Which place is known as ‘Manchester of Japan’?
is an important textile centre of Japan, also known as the ‘Manchester of