Topic outline

    • Agriculture

      Q22. How is subsistence farming classified?

      Ans. Subsistence farming can be further classified as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence farming.


      Q23. Name some animals reared by nomadic herders.

      Ans. Sheep, camel, yak and goats are most commonly reared animals by nomadic herders.


      Q24. What is mixed farming?

      Ans. In mixed farming the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock.

      Q25. What type of climate is required for growing rice?

      Ans. Rice needs high temperature, high humidity and rainfall. It grows best in alluvial clayey soil, which can retain water.


      Q26. Why is mixed farming called so?

      Ans. Mixed farming is called so because the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock.


      Q27. What is agriculture?

      Ans. Agriculture is a primary activity. It includes growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock.

      Q28. Where is commercial grain farming practised?

      Ans. Major areas where commercial grain farming is practised are temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia.


      Q29. Where is mixed farming practised?

      Ans. It is practised in Europe, eastern USA, Argentina, southeast Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.


      Q30. Where is wheat grown extensively?

      Ans. Wheat is grown extensively in USA, Canada, Argentina, Russia, Ukraine, Australia and India.

      Q31. Why is agriculture a primary activity in India?
      In India agriculture is a primary activity. Give reason.

      Ans. Two-thirds of India’s population is still dependent on agriculture. Hence, agriculture is a primary activity in India.


      Q32. Where are agricultural activities concentrated?

      Ans. Agricultural activities are concentrated in those regions of the world where suitable factors for the growing of crops exist.


      Q33. Where did the word ‘agriculture’ derive from?

      Ans. The word agriculture is derived from Latin words ager or agri meaning soil and culture meaning, cultivation or tilling of soil.

      Q34. Where is intensive subsistence agriculture prevalent?

      Ans. Intensive subsistence agriculture is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.


      Q35. What do you understand by agricultural development?

      Ans. Agricultural Development refers to efforts made to increase farm production in order to meet the growing demand of increasing population.


      Q36. What type of agriculture is practiced in developing countries?

      Ans. Developing countries with large populations usually practise intensive agriculture where crops are grown on small holdings mostly for subsistence.

      Q37. Mention the areas where nomadic herding is practised.
      In what sort of areas is nomadic herding practised?

      Ans. Nomadic herding is practised in the semi-arid and arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India, like Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir.


      Q38. What is organic farming?

      Ans. In organic farming, organic manure and natural pesticides are used instead of chemicals. No genetic modification is done to increase the yield of the crop.


      Q39. What are tertiary activities?

      Ans. Tertiary activities provide support to the primary and secondary sectors through services. Transport, trade, banking, insurance and advertising are examples of tertiary activities.


      Q40. What are primary activities?

      Ans. Primary activities include all those connected with extraction and production of natural resources. Agriculture, fishing and gathering are good examples.


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