Ans. Subsistence farming can be further classified as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence farming.
Ans. Sheep, camel, yak and goats are most commonly reared animals by nomadic herders.
Ans. In mixed farming the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock.
Ans. Rice needs high temperature, high humidity and rainfall. It grows best in alluvial clayey soil, which can retain water.
Ans. Mixed farming is called so because the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock.
Ans. Agriculture is a primary activity. It includes growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock.
Ans. Major areas where commercial grain farming is practised are temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia.
Ans. It is practised in Europe, eastern USA, Argentina, southeast Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
Ans. Wheat is grown extensively in USA, Canada, Argentina, Russia, Ukraine, Australia and India.
Ans. Two-thirds of India’s population is still dependent on agriculture. Hence, agriculture is a primary activity in India.
Ans. Agricultural activities are concentrated in those regions of the world where suitable factors for the growing of crops exist.
Ans. The word agriculture is derived from Latin words ager or agri meaning soil and culture meaning, cultivation or tilling of soil.
Ans. Intensive subsistence agriculture is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.
Ans. Agricultural Development refers to efforts made to increase farm production in order to meet the growing demand of increasing population.
Ans. Developing countries with large populations usually practise intensive agriculture where crops are grown on small holdings mostly for subsistence.
Ans. Nomadic herding is practised in the semi-arid and arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India, like Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir.
Ans. In organic farming, organic manure and natural pesticides are used instead of chemicals. No genetic modification is done to increase the yield of the crop.
Ans. Tertiary activities provide support to the primary and secondary sectors through services. Transport, trade, banking, insurance and advertising are examples of tertiary activities.
Ans. Primary activities include all those connected with extraction and production of natural resources. Agriculture, fishing and gathering are good examples.
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