i. Nadir Shah invaded Bengal. False
ii. Murshid Quli Khan was appointed as the naib, deputy to the governor of the Bengal province. True
iii. Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore. False
iv. Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. True
v. Poona became the capital of the Marathas in the eighteenth century. True
vi. The later Mughal emperors were puppets in the hands of either the Iranis or Turanis. True
i. Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the Deccan.
ii. In the eighteenth century, the Sikhs organized themselves into a number of bands called jathas.
iii. Umara and jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal administration.
iv. Asaf Jah was given charge of the Deccan subadari in 1724.
v. The founder of the Awadh nawabi was Burhan-ul-Mulk Sa‘adat Khan.
vi. Groups of highly mobile, peasantpastoralists (kunbis) provided the backbone of the Maratha army.
vii. Sawai Raja Jai Singh founded his new capital at Jaipur.
Ans. Bharatpur fort was built at Dig.
Ans. Jawahir Shah was son of Nadir Shah.
Ans. The Khalsa tradition was initiated in 1699.
Ans. Banda Bahadur was captured in 1715 and executed in 1716.
Ans. The third battle of Panipat took place in 1761.
Ans. 1737 AD
Ans. Sawai Raja Jai Singh founded his new capital at Jaipur.
Ans. Panipat and Ballabhgarh became important trading centres in the areas dominated by Jats.
Ans. Emperor Aurangzeb had depleted the military and financial resources of his empire by fighting a long war in the Deccan.
Ans. A system called rakhi was introduced, offering protection to cultivators on the payment of a tax of 20 per cent of the produce.
Ans. 25 per cent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars was called chauth. In the Deccan this was collected by the Marathas.
Ans. 9-10 per cent of the land revenue paid to the head revenue collector in the Deccan was called Sardeshmukhi.
Ans. Awadh was a prosperous region, controlling the rich alluvial Ganga plain and the main trade route between north India and Bengal.
Ans. The Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal try to do away with the jagirdari system in order to decrease Mughal influence in the Awadh region.
Ans. Ahmad Shah Abdali had seized the rich province of the Punjab and the Sarkar of Sirhind from the Mughals.
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