Nomads and Settled Communities
Q20. Who were paiks?
The Ahom state depended upon forced labour. Those forced to work for the state
were called paiks.
Q21. Who was Raja Man Singh?
Raja Man Singh was Akbar’s famous general who attacked and defeated the Cheros
Q22. How did castes of entertainers earn their livelihood?
of entertainers earn their livelihood by performing in different towns and villages.
Q23. What did Mughal capture when they defeat the Gonds?
the Mughals defeated the Gonds, they captured a huge booty of precious coins
Q24. How did Garha Katanga earn much of its wealth?
Garha Katanga was a rich state. It earned much wealth by trapping and exporting
wild elephants to other kingdoms.
Q25. Who was Rani Durgawati?
Durgawati was the daughter of Salbahan, the
Chandel Rajput raja of Mahoba. She got married to Dalpat, the son of Gond raja Aman
Q26. Who are nomads?
Nomads are wandering people. Many of them are
pastoralists who roam from one pasture to another with their flocks and herds.
Q27. Which was the most influential tribe in Punjab during 13th
and 14th century?
In Punjab, the Khokhar tribe was very influential during the thirteenth and fourteenth
Q28. What are itinerant groups?
Itinerant groups, such as craftspersons,
pedlars and entertainers travel from place to place practising their different occupations.
Q29. What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists
and settled agriculturists?
pastoralists exchanged wool, ghee, etc., with settled agriculturists for grain,
cloth, utensils and other products.
Q30. What is clan?
clan is a group of families or households claiming descent from a common
ancestor. Tribal organisation is often based on kinship or clan loyalties.
Q31. What is 'shifting cultivation'?
Trees and bushes in a forest area are first
cut and burnt. The crop is sown in the ashes. When this land loses its
fertility, another plot of land is cleared and planted in the same way.
Q32. Write about the occupation of Ahom society.
Almost all adult males served in the army
during war. At other times, they were engaged in building dams, irrigation systems
and other public works. The Ahoms also introduced new methods of rice
Q33. Who were Gonds?
The Gonds lived in a vast forested region
called Gondwana – or “country inhabited by Gonds”. They practised shifting
cultivation. The Gonds were found in great numbers across the present-day
states of Chhattisgarh,
Pradesh, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
Q34. Write about the administrative system Gond Kingdoms.
The administrative system of these kingdoms
was becoming centralised. The kingdom was divided into garhs. Each garh was
controlled by a particular Gond clan. This was further divided into units of 84
villages called chaurasi. The chaurasi was subdivided into barhots which were
made up of 12 villages each.
Q35. Explain the term 'khel' in reference to Ahom society.
Ahom society was divided into clans or khels.
There were very few castes of artisans, so artisans in the Ahom areas came from
the adjoining kingdoms. A khel often controlled several villages. The peasant
was given land by his village community. Even the king could not take it away
without the community’s consent.