Q1. What were havelis?
mansions of merchants were called havelis.
Q2. When was Humayun tomb constructed?
Ans. Tomb of
Humayun, constructed between 1562 and 1571.
Q3. How did Persian court chronicles describe sultan?
court chronicles described the Sultan as the “Shadow of God”.
Q4. Explain the term mahamandapa.
It refers to the main hall of the temple where dances were performed.
Q5. What is a superstructure?
Superstructure refers to the part of a building above the ground floor.
Q6. Who built Jami Masjid?
Jami Masjid was built by Shah Jahan in his new capital at Shahjahanabad.
Q7. Who built Rajarajeshvara temple?
Ans. It was built
by King Rajarajadeva for the worship of his god, Rajarajeshvaram
Q8. What is a shikhara?
a Sanskrit word translating literally to "mountain peak", refers to
the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture of North India.
Q9. What is pietra-dura?
Pietra-dura refers to coloured, hard stones placed in depressions carved into
marble or sandstone creating beautiful, ornate patterns.
Q10. Who constructed kandariya mahadeva temple and when?
The Kandariya Mahadeva temple dedicated to Shiva was constructed in 999 by the
king Dhangadeva of the Chandela dynasty.
Q11. What is the special feature of Akbar’s capital at Fatehpur
In Akbar’s capital at Fatehpur Sikri many of the buildings show the influence
of the architectural styles of Gujarat and Malwa.
Q12. Who invaded Sri Lanka and whom did he defeat?
In the early ninth century the Pandyan king Shrimara Shrivallabha invaded Sri
Lanka and defeated the king, Sena I (831-851).
Q13. How much labor and materials was used to build the Agra
by Akbar, the Agra Fort required 2,000 stone-cutters, 2,000 cement and
lime-makers and 8,000 labourers.
Q14. Who won the universal respect for constructing a large
reservoir just outside Dehli-i-Kuhna?
Iltutmish won universal respect for constructing a large reservoir just outside
Q15. Where is Harmandar Sahib?
The Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandar Sahib ("abode of God")
or Darbar Sahib, is a Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.
Q16. What was Hauz-i-Sultani?
Sultan Iltutmish won universal respect for constructing a large reservoir just
outside Dehli-i-Kuhna. It was called the Hauz-i-Sultani or the “King’s
Q17. Why was limestone used in construction of large structures?
Limestone was very high-quality cement, which, when mixed with stone chips
hardened into concrete. This made construction of large structures easier and faster.
Q18. What are the elements of a Mughal chahar bagh garden?
Ans. Mughal chahar
bagh garden consisted of four gardens. These gardens are placed within
rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial
Q19. How did king win the praise of their subjects?
were expected to care for their subjects, and by making structures such as
temples, mosques, tanks, wells, caravanserais and bazaars for public activity,
rulers hoped to win their praise.