Q22. Who was Babur?
the first Mughal emperor (1526- 1530), succeeded to the throne of Ferghana in
1494 when he was only 12 years old.
Q23. What was known as zabt?
Each province was divided into revenue circles with its own schedule of revenue
rates for individual crops. This revenue system was known as zabt.
Q24. What was the name that Prince Khurram assumed after he ascended
After the death of Jahangir, Prince Khurram ascended to the throne in 1627 and
was named Shah Jahan.
Q25. Who was victorious in the conflict over succession amongst
the Shah Jahan’s sons?
Aurangzeb was victorious and his three brothers, including Dara Shukoh, were
Q26. What were the central provinces under the control of the
central provinces under the control of the Mughals were-Lahore, Panipat, Delhi,
Mathura, Agra, Amber, Ajmer, Fatehpur Sikri, Chittor, Ranthambhor and
Q27. What was zat?
Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the
zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his
Q28. What was the role of the zamindar in Mughal administration?
Ans. Zamindar in Mughal administration collected
tax from peasants. They acted as intermediaries between peasants and the ruler.
some areas the zamindars exercised a great deal of power.
Q29. Explain the term Dogma and Bigot.
Ans. Dogma -
A statement or an interpretation declared as authoritative with the expectation
that it would be followed without question.
An individual who is intolerant of another person’s religious beliefs or culture.
Q30. Aurangzeb insulted Shivaji when he came to accept Mughal
authority. What was the consequence of this insult?
As a result of this, Shivaji escaped from Agra, declared himself an independent
king and resumed his campaigns against the Mughals.
Q31. Why was it a difficult task for rulers of Middle Ages to
rule the Indian subcontinent?
Ans. Ruling as
large a territory as the Indian subcontinent with such a diversity of people
and cultures was an extremely difficult task for any ruler to accomplish in the
Q32. What helped the Mughals to extend their influence over many
kings and chieftains?
The careful balance between defeating but not humiliating their opponents enabled
the Mughals to extend their influence over many kings and chieftains.
Q33. What do you mean by the term mansabdar?
What do you know about Mansabdari System?
The term mansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a
position or rank. It was a grading system used by the Mughals to fix (1) rank, (2)
salary and (3) military responsibilities.
Q34. What were the military responsibilities of mansabdars?
The mansabdar’s military responsibilities required him to maintain a specified
number of sawar or cavalrymen. The mansabdar brought his cavalrymen for review,
got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them
Q35. What power did the nobles exercise during Akbar reign?
Akbar’s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large amounts of
revenue. While they were loyal the empire functioned efficiently but by the end
of the seventeenth century many nobles had built independent networks of their
own. Their loyalties to the empire were weakened by their own self-interest.
Q36. What was the relationship between the mansabdar and the
Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs. Most
mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their jagirs. They only had
rights to the revenue of their assignments which was collected for them by their
servants while the mansabdars themselves served in some other part of the