i. We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700. False
ii. The Marathas asserted their political importance during this period. False
iii. Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements. True
iv. Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur and Kashmir. False
i. Archives are places where manuscripts are kept.
ii. Ziyauddin Barani was a fourteenth-century chronicler.
iii. Potatoes, corn, chillies, tea and coffee were some of the new crops introduced into the subcontinent during this period.
iv. Several villages were governed by a chieftain.
Ans. A Cartographer makes maps.
Ans. The two main sects of Islam are Shia and Sunni.
Ans. Al-Idrisi was the Arab geographer who made map in 1154 CE.
Ans. Archive is a place where documents and manuscripts are stored.
Ans. A patron is an influential, wealthy individual who supports another person – an artiste, a craftsperson, a learned man, or a noble.
Ans. Minhaj-i-Siraj, a chronicler used the term ‘Hindustan’ for the first time in the thirteenth century.
Ans. Scribes were the people who copied manuscripts by hand before the invention of automatic printing.
Ans. There was no printing press in those days so scribes copied manuscripts by hand. As scribes copied manuscripts, they also introduced small changes – a word here, a sentence there.
Ans. Some of the technological changes associated with this period were the Persian wheel in irrigation, the spinning wheel in weaving, and firearms in combat.
Ans. Pan regional empire means empire spanning diverse regions. Dynasties like the Cholas, Khaljis, Tughluqs and Mughals were able to build an empire that was pan-regional.
Ans. The eighth century is taken as the beginning of the medieval period because society, economy, politics, religion and culture underwent many changes during this century.
Ans. Jatis framed their own rules and regulations to manage the conduct of their members. These regulations were enforced by an assembly of elders, described in some areas as the jati panchayat.
Ans. Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban's empire stretched from Bengal (Gauda) in the east to Ghazni (Gajjana) in Afghanistan in the west and included all of south India (Dravida).
Ans. Their knowledge of Sanskrit texts earned the Brahmanas a lot of respect in society. Their dominant position was consolidated by the support of their patrons – new rulers searching for prestige.
Ans. There were the Shia Muslims who believed that the Prophet Muhammad’s son-in-law, Ali, was the legitimate leader of the Muslim community, and the Sunni Muslims who accepted the authority of the early leaders (Khalifas) of the community, and the succeeding Khalifas.
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