Topic outline

    • Natural Vegetation and Wild Life

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                               i.        Mosses and Lichens are found in tundra vegetation.

                              ii.        Thorny bushes are found in hot and dry desertic climate.

                             iii.        Steppe grassland is found in Central Asia.

                             iv.        Cedar is a softwood tree.

                              v.        Campos is tropical grassland of Brazil.

                             vi.        Prairie is temperate grassland.

               vii.        Grass in temperate grasslands is short and nutritious.


      Q2. True/False

                              i.        Thorny shrurbs and scrubs grow in the dry region. True

                             ii.        The changes in the type of natural vegetation occur mainly because of the changes of climatic condition. True

                            iii.        Rose wood, ebony, mahogany are common trees of tropical deciduous forests. False

                            iv.        The temperate evergreen forests are located in the mid latitudinal coastal region. True

      Q3. Name one common animal found in tropical evergreen forest?

      Ans. Monkey


      Q4. What does taiga mean in Russian language?

      Ans. Taiga means pure or untouched in the Russian language.


      Q5. In which climatic conditions are citrus fruits cultivated?

      Ans. Citrus fruits are cultivated in hot dry summers and mild rainy winters.


      Q6. Why tropical deciduous trees shed their leaves in the dry season?

      Ans. Trees shed their leaves in the dry season to conserve water.


      Q7. Name the two hardwood trees commonly found in tropical evergreen forest.

      Ans. Hardwood trees – Rosewood and Mahogany

      Q8. What makes the coniferous forest unique?

      Ans.  Tall and softwood evergreen trees make the coniferous forest unique.

      Q9. Where are savannah grasslands?

      Ans.  Savannah grasslands are found in Africa.


      Q10. What is the other name of tropical evergreen forests?

      Ans. The other name of tropical evergreen forests  is tropical rainforests.


      Q11. Where is Veld Temperate Grassland?

      Ans. Veld Temperate Grassland is in Africa.


      Q12. Where are Llanos grasslands found?

      Ans. Llanos grasslands are found in Venezuela.


      Q13. Where are tropical desert located?

      Ans. Tropical deserts are located on the western margins of the continents.


      Q14. Name the animals found in the tropical grassland.

      Ans.  Elephants, zebras, giraffes, deer, leopards are common in tropical grasslands.

      Q15. Which are the two factors on which the growth of vegetation mostly depends?

      Ans. The two factors on which the growth of vegetation mostly depends are temperature and moisture.


      Q16. In which part of the world is seasonal grassland found?

      Ans. These are found in the mid latitudinal zones and in the interior part of the continents.


      Q17. Why animals in polar region have thick fur and thick skin?

      Ans. The animals have thick fur and thick skin to protect themselves from the cold climatic conditions.


      Q18. Name the animals found in the coniferous forest?

      Ans. Silver fox, mink, polar bear are the common animals found in the coniferous forest.


      Q19. Where are temperate evergreen forests found?

      Ans. These thick forests occur in the regions near the equator and close to the tropics.


      Q20. Which regions is called "Orchards of the World" and why?

      Ans. Mediterranean regions are known as ‘Orchards of the world’ for their fruit cultivation.


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