Topic outline

    • Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

      Q25. Who were the supporters of Weimar Republic?

      Ans. The socialists, Democrats and Catholics were the supporters of Weimar Republic.


      Q26. What was article 48 in the Weimar constitution?

      Ans. Article 48 gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.


      Q27. What did Schacht advised to Hitler?

      Ans. Schacht had advised Hitler against investing hugely in rearmament as the state still ran on deficit financing.


      Q28. What was the purpose of the enabling Act of 1933?

      Ans. This Act established dictatorship in Germany. It gave Hitler all powers to sideline Parliament and rule by decree.


      Q29. When did the Second World War start?
      How did Second World War start?

      Ans. The Second World War officially started after Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.


      Q30. What were mass killings termed in Nazi regime? 

      Ans. Mass killings were termed special treatment, final solution (for the Jews), euthanasia (for the disabled), selection and disinfections.


      Q31. What were disinfection areas?
      What was the name given to gas chambers by Nazis?
      What the gas chambers were called?

      Ans. Gas chambers were labeled ‘disinfection-areas’, and looked like bathrooms equipped with fake showerheads.


      Q32. Mention the reason for Nazi hatred for Jews.
      Why did Nazi hate the Jews?

      Ans. Nazi hatred of Jews had a precursor in the traditional Christian hostility towards Jews. They had been stereotyped as killers of Christ and usurers.


      Q33. Why did Hitler conquer Eastern Europe?

      Ans. Hitler conquered Eastern Europe because he wanted to ensure food supplies and living space for Germans.


      Q34. How did Second World War end?
      When did the Second World War end?
      How did Second World War come to an end?

      Ans. The war ended in May 1945 with Hitler’s defeat and the US dropping of the atom bomb on Hiroshima in Japan.


      Q35. What was Hitler's worldview?

      Ans. Nazi ideology was synonymous with Hitlers worldview. According to this there was no equality between people, but only a racial hierarchy.


      Q36. Explain the term ‘Lebensraum’.

      Ans. Lebensraum means living space. It was a basic principle of Nazi foreign policy. He believed that new territories had to be acquired for settlement. 


      Q37. How did Nazis kill the innocent civilians of Europe?

      Ans. Nazis devised an unprecedented means of killing people, that is, by gassing them in various killing centres like Auschwitz.


      Q38. How did Hitler and Goebbels meet their end?

      Ans. Hitler, his propaganda minister Goebbels and his entire family committed suicide collectively in his Berlin bunker in April.


      Q39. ‘Nazism was a system’. Explain

      Ans. Nazism was not one or two isolated acts. It was a system, a structure of ideas about the world and politics.


      Q40. Name the place where Soviet Red Army inflicted a crushing defeat on Germany.
      Where did the Soviet Red Army give a humiliating defeat to Hitler's army?

      Ans. The Soviet Red Army inflicted a crushing and humiliating defeat on Germany at Stalingrad.


      Q41. Name the countries that formed the Allied Powers.

      Ans. The Allied Powers were initially led by the UK and France. In 1941 they were joined by the USSR and USA.


      Q42. What was the result of the First World War for Germany?

      Ans. Germany was defeated in November 1918. Germany had to sign humiliating treaty of Versailles. 


      Q43. When was the Tripartite Pact signed? What was its importance?

      Ans. In September 1940, a Tripartite Pact was signed between Germany, Italy and Japan, strengthening Hitlers claim to international power.


      Q44. What event made an opportunity for parliamentary parties to recast German polity?

      Ans. The defeat of Imperial Germany and the abdication of the emperor gave an opportunity to parliamentary parties to recast German polity.


      Q45. What was the nature of government formed in Germany at Weimar?
      What type of government was the Weimar Republic?

      Ans. Government formed in Germany at Weimar was a democratic constitution with a federal structure.


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