Ans. The socialists, Democrats and Catholics were the supporters of Weimar Republic.
Ans. Article 48 gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.
Ans. Schacht had advised Hitler against investing hugely in rearmament as the state still ran on deficit financing.
Ans. This Act established dictatorship in Germany. It gave Hitler all powers to sideline Parliament and rule by decree.
Ans. The Second World War officially started after Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.
Ans. Mass killings were termed special treatment, final solution (for the Jews), euthanasia (for the disabled), selection and disinfections.
Ans. Gas chambers were labeled ‘disinfection-areas’, and looked like bathrooms equipped with fake showerheads.
Ans. Nazi hatred of Jews had a precursor in the traditional Christian hostility towards Jews. They had been stereotyped as killers of Christ and usurers.
Ans. Hitler conquered Eastern Europe because he wanted to ensure food supplies and living space for Germans.
Ans. The war ended in May 1945 with Hitler’s defeat and the US dropping of the atom bomb on Hiroshima in Japan.
Ans. Nazi ideology was synonymous with Hitler’s worldview. According to this there was no equality between people, but only a racial hierarchy.
Ans. Lebensraum means living space. It was a basic principle of Nazi foreign policy. He believed that new territories had to be acquired for settlement.
Ans. Nazis devised an unprecedented means of killing people, that is, by gassing them in various killing centres like Auschwitz.
Ans. Hitler, his propaganda minister Goebbels and his entire family committed suicide collectively in his Berlin bunker in April.
Ans. Nazism was not one or two isolated acts. It was a system, a structure of ideas about the world and politics.
Ans. The Soviet Red Army inflicted a crushing and humiliating defeat on Germany at Stalingrad.
Ans. The Allied Powers were initially led by the UK and France. In 1941 they were joined by the USSR and USA.
Ans. Germany was defeated in November 1918. Germany had to sign humiliating treaty of Versailles.
Ans. In September 1940, a Tripartite Pact was signed between Germany, Italy and Japan, strengthening Hitler’s claim to international power.
Ans. The defeat of Imperial Germany and the abdication of the emperor gave an opportunity to parliamentary parties to recast German polity.
Ans. Government formed in Germany at Weimar was a democratic constitution with a federal structure.
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