Topic outline

    • India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

      Q23. Which bird migrates from Siberia and when?

      Ans. Siberian Cranes migrate from Siberia. They arrive in December and stay till early March.


      Q24. Where camel and wild asses are found in India?

      Ans. Camels and wild asses are found in the Great Indian desert and the Rann of Kuchchh respectively.


      Q25. Where is mangrove forest found in India?

      Ans. They are found mainly in Sunderbans in West Bengal and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


      Q26. What is climate?

      Ans. The climate is about the average weather conditions, which have been measured over many years.

      Q27. What are the factors affecting the Climate of India?

      Ans. The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude, distance from the sea, and relief.


      Q28. Why several species of wildlife of India are declining rapidly?

      Ans. Due to cutting of forests and hunting, several species of wildlife of India are declining rapidly. Many species have already become extinct.


      Q29. When is the world wildlife week observed every year and why?

      Ans. Every year we observe wildlife week in the first week of October, to create awareness of conserving the habitats of the animal kingdom.


      Q30. What is natural vegetation?

      Ans. The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings, are called natural vegetation.


      Q31. Why the temperatures are quite low in northern India in winter season?

      Ans. During the winter season, the sun rays do not fall directly in the region. As a result the temperatures are quite low in northern India.

      Q32. Why the temperatures are quite high in summer season?

      Ans. Temperatures are quite high in summer season because in the hot weather season sun rays more or less directly fall in the region.


      Q33. Name some birds which migrate to our country in the winter season every year.

      Ans. Some birds such as the Pelican, Siberian Crane, Stork, Flamingo, Pintail

      Duck and Curlew migrate to our country in the winter season every year.


      Q34. What do you mean by moderate climate? Name two regions that experience moderate climate.

      Ans. Moderate climate means the climate which is neither too hot nor too cold. Coastal places like Mumbai and Kolkata experience moderate climate.


      Q35. During which season states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall?

      Ans. In the season of the retreating monsoons the southern parts of India, particularly Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall.

      Q36. Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?

      Ans. The monsoon winds bring rainfall in India. Agriculture in India is dependent on rains. Good monsoons mean adequate rain and a bountiful crop.


      Q37. Name the different types of vegetation found in India.

      Ans. Vegetation of India can be divided into five types – Tropical evergreen forest, Tropical deciduous forest, Thorny bushes, Mountain vegetation and Mangrove forests.


      Q38. What are coniferous trees? Give some examples.

      Ans. At a height between 1500 metres and 2500 metres most of the trees are conical in shape. These trees are called coniferous trees. Chir, Pine and Deodar are important trees of these forests.


      Q39. What steps government has taken to conserve wildlife?

      Ans. In order to protect them many national parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves have been set up. The Government has also started Project Tiger and Project Elephant to protect these animals.


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