Topic outline

    • India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife
      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

      i.             Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.

      ii.            Elephants and one-horned rhinoceroses roam in the forests of Assam.

      iii.          The peacock is our national bird.

      iv.          Cold Weather Season remains from December to February.


      Q2. True/False

      i.             During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds blow from sea to land. True

      ii.            Coastal places like Mumbai and Kolkata experience extreme climate. False

      iii.          The tiger is our national animal. True

      iv.          Tropical deciduous forest is found in dry areas of the country. False

      Q3. Write one adaptation of mountain vegetation.

      Ans. Trees in mountain region are conical in shape.


      Q4. What are called bushes?

      Ans. Small plants are called bushes.


      Q5. Where does the world's highest rainfall occur?

      Ans. The world's highest rainfall occurs in Mawsynram.


      Q6. Where can the mangrove forest survive?

      Ans. These forests can survive in saline water.


      Q7. Where wild goats and snow leopards are found?

      Ans. Wild goats and snow leopards are found in Himalayan region.


      Q8. Which forests are also known as monsoon forests?

      Ans. Tropical deciduous forests are also known as monsoon forests.

      Q9. What is loo?

      Ans. Hot and dry winds blow during the day in summer is called loo.


      Q10. Where mahogany and rosewood trees are found?

      Ans. Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in tropical evergreen forests.


      Q11. When do we like to eat or drink cold things?

      Ans. On hot day sunny day we like to eat or drink cold things.


      Q12. When do we wear woollen clothes?

      Ans. We wear woollen clothes when we feel cold.


      Q13. Which place in Rajasthan receives least rainfall?

      Ans. Jaisalmer in Rajasthan receives least rainfall.


      Q14. Where tropical rainforest occur?

      Ans. Tropical rain forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall.

      Q15. Broadly describe the climate of India.

      Ans. The climate of India has broadly been described as Monsoon type.


      Q16. How do plants help prevent soil erosion?

      Ans. The roots of the plants bind the soil; thus, they control soil erosion.


      Q17. Which two place of Rajasthan are very hot?

      Ans. Jaisalmer and Bikaner in the desert of Rajasthan are very hot.


      Q18. Name two regions of Jammu and Kashmir which are freezing cold?

      Ans. Drass and Kargil in Jammu and Kashmir are freezing cold.


      Q19. When do we like to have something hot to eat?

      Ans. When it is very windy and chilly, we would like to have something hot to eat.


      Q20. Why do we celebrate Van Mahotsav?

      Ans. We have special programmes like Van Mahotsav to involve more people in making our earth green.


      Q21. Why have the Sunderbans been named so?

      Ans. Sundari is a well-known species of trees in mangrove forests after which Sunderbans have been named.


      Q22. What is weather?

      Ans. Weather refers to day to day changes in the atmosphere such as changes in temperature, rainfall and sunshine etc.


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