i. The Himalayas, the Alps and the Andes are mountain ranges of Asia, Europe and South America, respectively.
ii. The Jog falls in Karnataka.
iii. The Deccan plateau in India is one of the oldest plateaus.
iv. As we go higher, the climate becomes colder.
v. The Appalachians in North America have rounded features and low elevation.
vi. Mauna Kea (Hawaii) in the Pacific Ocean is an undersea mountain.
i. Mt.Kilimanjaro is in Africa. True
ii. The Hundru Falls is in the Chhotanagpur plateau on the river Subarnarekha. True
iii. Many of the mining areas in the world are located in the plains areas. False
iv. Mountains vary in their heights and shape. True
v. Volcanic mountains are formed due to erosion. False
vi. The river valleys and terraces are ideal for cultivation of crops. True
Ans. Deccan Plateau
Ans. The uplifted blocks are termed as horsts.
Ans. Mountains may be arranged in a line known as range.
Ans. The lowered blocks are called graben.
Ans. The Ural Mountain
Ans. River Subarnarekha
Ans. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world.
Ans. Arunachal Pradesh
Ans. The Alps
Ans. Volcanic Mountains are formed due to volcanic activity.
Ans. They have rugged relief and high conical peaks.
Ans. Mauna Kea (Hawaii) is in the Pacific Ocean.
Ans. African plateau is famous for gold and diamond mining.
Ans. Indo-Gangetic plains are the most densely populated plain of the India.
Ans. As slopes are steep on mountains, less land is available for farming.
Ans. Examples of young fold mountains: The Himalayan Mountains and The Alps.
Ans. The Aravali range in India is one of the oldest fold mountain systems in the world.
Ans. The Rhine valley and the Vosges Mountain in Europe are examples of such mountain systems.
Ans. In some mountains, there are permanently frozen rivers of ice. They are called glaciers.
Ans. Mt.Kilimanjaro in Africa and Mt.Fujiyama in Japan are examples of volcanic mountains.
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