i. Vellalar was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.
ii. The gramabhojaka often got his land cultivated by the slaves and hired workers.
iii. Ploughmen were known as uzhavar in Tamil.
iv. Most grihapatis were smaller landowners.
v. Punch marked coins were made of silver.
vi. Amphorae are tall double-handled jars that contained liquids such as wine or oil.
i. Grama Bhojaka also functioned as a judge, and sometimes as a policeman. True
ii. Mathura was an important centre for the worship of Lord Shiva. False
iii. The Tamil terms are found in Sangam literature. True
iv. Ring wells were used for bathing. False
v. Stamped red-glazed pottery, known as Arretine Ware. True
Ans. Use of iron in the subcontinent began about 3000 years ago.
Ans. In the Tamil region, large landowners were known as vellalar.
Ans. Both were famous centres for manufacturing of cloth.
Ans. These were found in the megalithic burials.
Ans. Wealth is measured in terms of coins.
Ans. Many crafts persons and merchants formed associations known as shrenis.
Ans. Dasa Karmakara had to earn a living working on the fields owned by others.
Ans. In the northern part of the country, the village headman was known as the grama bhojaka.
Ans. There were men and women who did not own land were known as the dasa karmakara.
Ans. Some of the earliest works in Tamil, known as Sangam literature, were composed around 2300 years ago.
Ans. Between 2200 and 1900 years ago, Arikamedu was a coastal settlement where ships unloaded goods from distant lands.
Ans. Huge aqueducts were the channels to supply water which were built to bring water to the city for the baths, fountains and toilets.
Ans. These were stories that were probably composed by ordinary people, and then written down and preserved by Buddhist monks.
Ans. In many cities, archaeologists have found rows of pots, or ceramic rings arranged one on top of the other. These are known as ring wells.
Ans. The main occupations of the people were goldsmiths, blacksmiths, weavers, basket makers, garland makers, perfumers.
Ans. These seem to have been used as toilets in some cases, and as drains and garbage dumps. These ring wells are usually found in individual houses.
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