i. Officials collected taxes from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
ii. Royal princes often went to the provinces as governors.
iii. The Mauryan rulers tried to control roads and rivers which were important for transport.
iv. People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with elephants, timber, honey and wax.
v. The Arthashastra tells us that the north-west was important for blankets.
vi. Ashoka was inspired by the teachings of Buddha.
i. Ujjain was the gateway to the north-west. False
ii. Chandragupta’s ideas were written down in the Arthashastra. True
iii. Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal. False
iv. Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script. True
v. The Arthashastra tells us that south India for its gold and precious stones. True
vi. The empire that Ashoka ruled was founded by his father. False
vii. Ashoka appointed special officials who were known as the Dhamma Mahamatta. True
Ans. He conveyed his message to the people through inscriptions.
Ans. Emperors in China built the Great Wall.
Ans. Chanakya wrote Arthashashtra.
Ans. Kalinga is the ancient name of coastal Orissa.
Ans. Pataliputra, Taxila, and Ujjain.
Ans. Chanakya’s ideas were written down in a book called the Arthashastra.
Ans. ‘Dhamma’ is the Prakrit word for the Sanskrit term ‘Dharma’.
Ans. Taxila or Ujjain
Ans. He was a Greek ruler of West Asia.
Ans. Chandragupta was supported by a wise man named Chanakya or Kautilya.
Ans. It was built to protect the northern frontier of the empire from pastoral people.
Ans. Most of Ashoka’s inscriptions were in Prakrit and were written in the Brahmi script.
Ans. Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya more than 2300 years ago.
Ans. Pataliputra (modern Patna) in Bihar
Ans. Ashoka sent messengers to spread ideas about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.
Ans. The lions that we see on our notes and coins have a long history. They were carved in stone, and placed on top of a massive stone pillar at Sarnath.
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