Q1. What is the title of the autobiography of Nelson Mandela?
Ans. The Long Walk to Freedom
Q2. When was the first meeting of Constituent Assembly held?
Ans. Its first meeting was held in December 1946.
Q3. Which group of people in South Africa was classified as coloured?
Who were called as coloured races in South Africa?
Ans. People of mixed races were called ‘coloured’ in South Africa.
Q4. How was Constituent Assembly formed?
Ans. Constituent Assembly was formed by the elections held in July 1946.
Q5. What is a draft?
Ans. Draft is a preliminary version of a legal document.
Q6. What is a clause?
Ans. Clause is a distinct section of a document.
Q7. What were the fears prevailing among the whites in South Africa?
Ans. The white minority had a fear of losing its privileges and property.
Q8. On what condition blacks were permitted to work in white areas?
Ans. Blacks could work in white areas only if they had a permit.
Q9. Who was the chairman of drafting committee?
Ans. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of drafting committee.
Q10. Who was the President of the Constituent Assembly?
Ans. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly.
Q11. Who integrated the Indian princely states?
Ans. Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel integrated the Indian princely states.
Q12. For whom was the apartheid system oppressive?
Ans. The apartheid system was particularly oppressive for the blacks.
Q13. Which of these was the most salient underlying conflict in the making of a democratic constitution in South Africa?
a Between South Africa and its neighbours
b Between men and women
c Between the white majority and the black minority
d Between the coloured minority and the black majority
Ans. (c) Between the white majority and the black minority
Q14. Which of these is a provision that a democratic constitution does not have?
a Powers of the head of the state
b Name of the head of the state
c Powers of the legislature
d Name of the country
Ans. (b) Name of the head of the state
Q15. Name the leader who used to write in the magazine Young India in 1931.
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi used to write in the magazine Young India in 1931.
Q16. Who was the education minister in the first union cabinet?
Ans. Abul Kalam Azad was the education minister in the first union cabinet.
Q17. Who was the finance minister in the first union cabinet?
Ans. T.T.Krishnamachari was the finance minister in the first union cabinet.
Q18. What is the supreme law of the country?
What is known as the supreme law of the country?
Ans. The constitution of the country is known as the supreme law of the country.
Q19. How did Constituent assembly work?
Ans. Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner.
Q20. How many amendments were considered on the draft constitution?
How many amendments were considered before adopting the constitution?
Ans. More than two thousand amendments were considered on the draft constitution.
Q21. Which political party dominated the Constituent Assembly?
Ans. The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, the party that led India’s freedom struggle.
Q22. What formed the foundation for India’s democracy?
Ans. Values that inspired and guided the freedom struggle and were in turn nurtured by it, formed the foundation for India’s democracy.
Q23. What is preamble?
Ans. Preamble is an introductory statement in a constitution which states the reasons and guiding values of the constitution.