Ans. We need carbohydrates in our diet as it provides energy to the body.
Ans. Proteins are needed for the growth and repair of our body. So, children need more protein to support their growth and development of the body.
Ans. No, her method of cooking would result in loss of nutrients. She should have washed the lady fingers before cutting and should have cooked in less oil.
Ans. Night blindness causes difficulty in vision. The person suffering from night blindness cannot see clearly in dim lights.
Ans. Rub a small quantity of food item on a piece of white paper. Oily patch on the piece of white paper indicates that the food items contain fat.
Ans. Main causes of diseases are:-
ii. lack of specific nutrients in the diet
iii. contact with the sick person
Ans. Steps are:
i. Make a paste or powder of the food item to be tested.
ii. Put some of these in test tube and add 10 drops of water to it. Shake the test tube.
iii. Add 2 drops of solution of copper sulphate and 10 drops of solution of caustic soda to the test tube.
iv. Shake the test tube and observe the color. A violet color indicates presence of proteins in the food item.
Ans. A balanced diet is a diet that consists of variety of different types of food which provides all the nutrients in adequate amount for the proper functioning of the body. Balanced diet is not same for everyone as it depends on age, gender and occupation of a person.
Ans. To treat anemia we should eat iron rich food such as red meat, beans, dark green leafy vegetables (such as spinach), raisins, apple, tomatoes, plums, bananas, lemons, grapes, figs, carrots etc.
Ans. It indicates that it contains starch.
Ans. Sunlight helps our body to make vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential for bone health so we need sunlight for good health.
1. It occurs due to deficiency of proteins, carbohydrates and fats in the diet.
It is primarily caused due to insufficient intake of proteins.
2. It occurs in children below the age of 1 year.
It occurs in children in the age group 1-5 years.
3. Body is reduced to skin and bones.
Body swells due to retention of fluids.
4. Skin color does not change.
Skin color changes.
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