adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb, an adjective or another
adverb. Read the following examples.
Tom was very sleepy.
She laughed timidly.
Dia was walking rapidly.
A. Adverb of Manner tells us how something is
done or happens. These adverbs answer the question ‘how’.
Example: Rita sings beautifully. (The Verb here is ‘sing’
and the Adverb is ‘beautifully’ and the question being asked is: How does she sing?)
of the adverbs of manner are formed by adding –ly to the adjectives. Some
commonly used adverbs of manner include words like eagerly, anxiously,
patiently, quickly, correctly, simply, easily, fast, well, loudly, completely,
lady grumbled loudly while cleaning the floor.
boys were seriously injured in the fight.
the advanced age of 88, she still sang very well.
mechanic fixed the problem easily.
B. Adverb of Place tells us where something
is done or happens. These adverbs answer the question ‘where’.
Example: He kept his keys somewhere. (Here the Verb
is ‘kept’ and the Adverb is ‘somewhere’.)
commonly used adverbs of place include words like somewhere, here, there,
upwards, downwards, in, out, abroad, underground, upstairs, home, anywhere,
spring, flowers bloom everywhere.
serve hot chocolate fudge there.
am waiting here for my mom.
is standing outside.
C. Adverb of Time tells us when something done
or happens. These adverbs answer the question ‘when’.
Example: We will leave today. (Here the Verb
is ‘leave’ and the Adverb is ‘today’.)
commonly used adverbs of time include words like after, already, finally, next,
later, last, yesterday, tomorrow, early, immediately, when, while, recently,
now, just, during, then, soon, never, before, etc. We
use it at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. We use it as a form of
emphasis when we place it at the beginning.
went to the market in the evening.
five-storey collapsed yesterday.
week, we were stuck in the traffic jam for an hour.
D. Adverb of Frequency tells us how often
something happens. They answer the question ‘how often’. These Adverbs are used
to show the duration or timing of the action that is happening/had
Example: She likes to watch movie every day.
the Verb is ‘watch’ and the Adverb is ‘every day’.)
commonly used adverbs of frequency include words like always, rarely,
sometimes, often, usually, seldom, occasionally, frequently, yearly
grandparents live in Patna. I visit them often.
watches Tamil films occasionally.
rarely go for outing.
always brush his teeth before he go to bed.
have been to Mumbai just once.
sometimes go for a walk in the nearby park.
E. Adverb of Degree tells us to show to what
extent or how much has an action been done or will be done. They answer the
question ‘how much’.
Example: The accident victim nearly died
from his injuries. (Here the Verb is ‘died’ and the Adverb is ‘nearly’.)
commonly used adverbs of degree include words like almost, entirely, somewhat,
very, much, too, rather, nearly, least, yet, completely, partially, fully, etc.
almost finished the work.
was very impressed with her results.
is extremely cold today.
F. Adverb of Reason or purpose tells us why
something is done or something has happened. They answer the question ‘why’.
The bus was late, so I missed my meeting. (Here the Verb is ‘missed’ and
the Adverb is ‘so’.)
commonly used adverbs of reason include words like therefore, so, hence,
subsequently, conversely, nevertheless, despite, etc.
was not well, hence didn’t go to school today.
heard a loud noise; therefore, she called the police.
was sick, he stayed home.