Topic outline

    • Types of Houses

      People live in different kind of houses. Many people keep on moving from one place to another. Some people live in temporary house or some in permanent house; some people live in pucca house or some in kutcha house. The houses we live in protect us from heat, rain, wind, dust and animals. We built different kind of houses in different region depending on the climate of that region.


      Houses in Different Regions

      Houses in cold regions


      Some region such as Arctic region and Polar Region are completely covered with snow and are extremely cold. People in that region built house by using block of snow generally in the form dome shape. Dome shape helps to keep the place warm from inside. Igloo is also referred as snow house. 

      People living in the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska are known as Inuit. Inuit is a plural noun and Inuk is the singular noun.


      Wooden houses

      In cold and forested region of America, people build wooden houses or log cabins. Wood is used as they are available in plenty and acts as wonderful interior humidity and temperature regulator. Wood is a good insulator and helps to keep the house cool in the summer and warm in the winter.

      Hot and Dry Regions

      Mud/Clay houses

      Mud are used with material such as straw, sticks etc. to construct the house. People living in hot and dry climates built mud houses. This type of house is found in Mexico.

      Brick Houses

      The Egyptians, living in the hot and dry regions of Egypt, baked mud bricks. These baked bricks were stronger. The houses of Egypt were probably the first houses to be built of bricks. Brick replaces the mud and straw and are made of clay and molded, dried or fired. Now-a-days most of the houses in cities are made of bricks.

      Houses in the hot and wet regions


      People living in hot and wet climate of Africa used to build huts. They use grass, leaves and vines which are found in plenty in that region. These types of houses are built in villages. Mud wall and straw roof keeps house cool in summer.

      Other Types of House

      Stilt House

      This type of houses is mostly found in region with heavy rain and frequent flood. These houses are raised on stilts (legs) over the surface of the soil, so that house remains protected from the flood water. This type of house is common in some part of South East Asia and West Africa.

      Temporary House

      These can be built for vacations and camping. These types of houses are often built by fisherman along the coastal areas using wood or coconut leaves. People now a days use better material to build modern temporary house.

      Tents – Tents are used for holiday camping. Modern day tents are made of water proof materials, like canvas cloth or nylon.

      Tipi or Tepee or Teepee – It is conical tent made of animal skin or birch bark and was popular among the Red Indians in America.


      House on wheels is called Caravans. Caravan may be pulled by an animal or by car or truck. People move from one place to another and live in caravans.

      House Boat

      House boats are floating house on water bodies like lake. They vary in size, some are small and some are big (two storey). Some people use it for vacation purpose and some live permanently in the boat. These are found in places such as Hong Kong, Holland etc.


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