all need shelter to live. It keeps us safe from hard weather, wild animals and
dust. Need for safe place to live made our ancestors (early man) also to move
from open place to caves. Building a house is both an art and as well as a
science. House is built according to the climate of the place where we live in.
Special features of an ideal house are:
of fresh air to a room, building, etc. is called ventilation.
Ventilation is important as it prevents air pollutants which may affect our
health. Proper flow of fresh air in and out of the house helps to get rid from
unwanted smells. Air enters our home from doors or windows, so the house must
have enough windows and doors to let the fresh air in and stale air out.
Exhaust fans or chimney installed in kitchen helps to push out stale and
stinking air out of the house. Green plants planted around the house and kept
in pots inside the house also help in keeping the air clean and fresh.
makes the house bright, warm and cheery. Sunlight disinfects the house by
killing germs and bacteria and hence protects us from disease naturally. Home
that are not exposed to sunlight, become damp and results in breeding ground
for bacteria and germs. Proper sunlight reduces the need of electric light
during the day and hence helps us to save energy. A number of windows and an
open courtyard make sure that plenty of sunlight comes into the house.
means provision of clean drinking water and proper disposal of sewage waste
water from the house. Waste not properly managed can cause health problems.