all live in surrounding which includes living things and natural forces. Living
things not only live in the surrounding but interact with it as well. They
affect the surrounding and are affected by the surrounding. The places we live
in consist of air, water, land, plants, animals and the micro- organisms; they
all are part of environment. We depend upon our environment to fulfill our
various needs such as oxygen, food and shelter etc. We must keep our
surroundings neat and clean to live healthy life.
A Clean Environment
To stay healthy we need a clean
environment. For a healthy living, two things are required, sanitation and
hygiene. Hygiene means practice that we
follow to stay healthy and clean. Sanitation
means measure we adopt for improving and protecting health and well-being of
Every household generates waste or
garbage. We should not throw waste or garbage anywhere. Dirty surroundings help
in the growth of germs that cause diseases, like cholera, typhoid, dengue etc.
Dirty and stagnant water is the breeding ground of mosquitoes. Mosquitoes cause
Disposal of waste
Proper disposal of waste is
necessary to keep our environment clean. Waste water from our houses
should go through proper drainage system and should be treated before dumping
it into water bodies such as sea or ocean. In metropolitan cities, there are
huge underground pipelines that are connected to the main sewage line which
passes through the treatment plant where waste water get treated by various
method and then finally get disposed of.
Solid waste from houses such as vegetable
peels, waste paper, plastic bags etc. should be thrown in covered garbage bins.
Throwing of these solid wastes out of houses in open area cause piling of waste
which attracts flies and germs and spread diseases. Open dumping of waste may
cause land, air and water pollution.
Waste material such as fruits and
vegetable peels, decomposes easily. These are called biodegradable
materials. Biodegradable material can be disposed of making compost
pits. Solid waste kept in pit turn into manure that can be used for crops. Many
things like plastic, glasses etc. do not decompose. These are called non-biodegradable material.
The three R’s – Reduce – Rescue – Recycle
How we manage waste affect our
environment and environment in turn affects us. The waste we create has to be
carefully managed so that it does not harm our environment and our health. Practicing
of three R’s will help us to keep our surrounding clean and healthy.
This means to use less.
Use of water and power wisely - We
can save electricity by not using it unnecessarily and can save water by closing
water tap when it is not in use.
This means using things again.
old plastic or cloth or jute bags to the grocery store for reuse.
or glass container in which we buy things can be used to store other products
can be donated to the people who could use them in its original form.
washable glass or cup instead of using disposable cups.
Many materials such as paper,
glass, aluminum, plastic etc. can be recycled to make useful things out of
them. Recycling means treating or processing material in certain way, so that
it can be used again.
recycling paper we need to cut fewer trees to make newspaper. Hence we can save
our natural environment by cutting fewer trees.
can save energy, as factories needs energy/power to make new things.
save the environment by reducing the amount of waste produced by the factories.
Steps that help in keeping our environment clean and
must keep our house and its surrounding clean.
should not throw garbage out on the road.
the drains should be kept covered.
paper by writing on both sides.
material such as toys, books, etc.
use of the recycle bin, for paper and cardboard at home and work place.
water and power judiciously.