Topic outline

    • The Conjunction

      Let’s read these sentences.

           1.   Dia and Ria are neighbors.

           2.   Tia is tall but her sister is short.

           3.   I like Ayush because he is a hardworking student.

      Here words (and, but and because) are used to join one sentence to another. These words that join different ideas together are termed as conjunction. Therefore, a conjunction is a word that joins nouns or verbs or sentences.


      Commonly used Conjunctions

      AND - used for the words or sentences that are taken jointly

      Example: Ayush and Navneeth study in the same class.


      BUT - used to show contrast in ideas

      Example: Ravi is dull but Rohit is brilliant.


      OR - used to indicate that only one possibility can realized between the two Example: Complete your work or you will stay late in the office.


      SO - used to show result or consequence of an action

      Example: I wanted to study French, so I joined French Academy.

      BECAUSE - used to show reason of an action

      Example: I trust my friend because he always speaks truth.


      IF - used to talk about result or effect of something that may happen or may not happen or be true or may not be true

      Example: I will help you if you lend me your car.


      THEREFORE - used to tell the reason why something has happened or like so

      Example: He arrived late at the station, therefore he missed the train.


      UNTIL - used to indicate time up to the event mentioned in the sentence or not before the event mentioned

      Example: Don’t watch T.V until you complete home work.


      TILL / TIL - used in informal way in place of “until”

      Example: I will wait till 5 o’ clock.


      UNLESS - used to tell us about something that can happen or may not happen in specific condition

      Example: You'll be obese unless you stop eating junk food.

      ALTHOUGH - used to introduce a sentence that makes the other sentence appear surprising

      Example: Although he is rich, he is very nice.


      THOUGH - used interchangeably with although but though can be used both in formal as well as informal writing

      Example: Though his room was small, it was well furnished.


      WHEN - used to tell at what time something has happened or will happen

      Example: We’ll eat when you will finish your homework.


      AS WELL AS - used to refer “in addition to” or “including something”

      Example: My friend is brave as well as loyal.

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