Let’s read these sentences.
1. Dia and Ria are neighbors.
2. Tia is tall but her sister is short.
3. I like Ayush because he is a hardworking student.
Here words (and, but and because) are used to join one sentence to another. These words that join different ideas together are termed as conjunction. Therefore, a conjunction is a word that joins nouns or verbs or sentences.
Commonly used Conjunctions
AND - used for the words or sentences that are taken jointly
Example: Ayush and Navneeth study in the same class.
BUT - used to show contrast in ideas
Example: Ravi is dull but Rohit is brilliant.
OR - used to indicate that only one possibility can realized between the two Example: Complete your work or you will stay late in the office.
SO - used to show result or consequence of an action
Example: I wanted to study French, so I joined French Academy.
BECAUSE - used to show reason of an action
Example: I trust my friend because he always speaks truth.
IF - used to talk about result or effect of something that may happen or may not happen or be true or may not be true
Example: I will help you if you lend me your car.
THEREFORE - used to tell the reason why something has happened or like so
Example: He arrived late at the station, therefore he missed the train.
UNTIL - used to indicate time up to the event mentioned in the sentence or not before the event mentioned
Example: Don’t watch T.V until you complete home work.
TILL / TIL - used in informal way in place of “until”
Example: I will wait till 5 o’ clock.
UNLESS - used to tell us about something that can happen or may not happen in specific condition
Example: You'll be obese unless you stop eating junk food.
ALTHOUGH - used to introduce a sentence that makes the other sentence appear surprising
Example: Although he is rich, he is very nice.
THOUGH - used interchangeably with although but though can be used both in formal as well as informal writing
Example: Though his room was small, it was well furnished.
WHEN - used to tell at what time something has happened or will happen
Example: We’ll eat when you will finish your homework.
AS WELL AS - used to refer “in addition to” or “including something”
Example: My friend is brave as well as loyal.
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