Q1. Fill in the blanks.

i.             ________________and _________mainly provide energy to our body.

ii.            A _______________can prevent deficiency disease.

iii.          Too much fat in the diet may lead to_________.

iv.          ___________helps our body to absorb nutrients from food.

v.           ______________gets easily destroyed by heat during cooking.

vi.          ____________helps in clotting of blood.

vii.        Deficiency of Vitamin D causes____________.

viii.       Deficiency of vitamin-C causes_______________.

ix.          ___________makes up about 70% of our body weight.

x.           Cooking in too much water destroys _______________in food.

xi.          ___________________is important for proper functioning of the digestive system.

xii.        Spinach is rich in_________.

xiii.       An oily patch on paper shows that food item contains _________.

xiv.      Minerals are needed in our body in ____________amount.

xv.        Dietary fibres are also known as ____________.


Q2. State True or False

i.             Milk does not provide dietary fibre. ________

ii.            Fats provide less energy as compared to the same amount of carbohydrates. ________

iii.          Lacks of nutrients in our diet over a long period are called deficiency diseases. ________

iv.          Rice and potato are rich in protein. _______

v.           Egg is rich source of protein, phosphorous and vitamin D. ______

vi.          Peas, gram, soya beans and cottage cheese are good source of proteins. ________

vii.        A food item may contain more than one nutrient. _______


Q3. Match the following:

Column I

Column II

a. Eating of junk food


b. Lack of iron in diet

Loss of vitamin C

c. Lack of iodine


d. Excessive cooking of food


e. Absence of exposure to sunlight leads to


f. Lack of protein


g. Lack of vitamin B1


h. No fibre in diet

Healthy gums

i. Eating Vitamin C rich diet


Q4.  Which vitamin is not present in milk?


Q5. Write the deficiency disease that causes bleeding gums.


Q6. Write the deficiency disease that is caused by deficiency of iron in the diet.


Q7. What is the vitamin that represents a group of other vitamins?


Q8. What is obesity?


Q9. Write two foods rich in

a. Fats – ______________

b. Carbohydrates / starch – ____________________

c. Proteins – _____________________

d. Vitamin A – ________________________

e. Vitamin C – ______________________

f. Vitamin B1 – _________________

g. Vitamin D – _______________________

h. Calcium – ____________________

i. Iodine – ______________________________


Q10. Classify the following food item into carbohydrates, fats and protein.

sweet potato, ground nuts, tuar dal, potato, sugarcane, nuts, gram, milk, moong, butter, ghee, soya bean, cream, wheat, paneer,  rice, bajra.


Last modified: Sunday, 6 January 2019, 10:19 PM