things and Non-living Things
see many things in our surroundings. Everything that we see can be categorized
into two groups – living things and non-living things. All animals and plants
including us are living things. The pencil we write with, the book we read, the
toys we play with are all non-living things.
All livings thing displays the following characteristics of life
Living thing need food
things need food to obtain energy, to grow and to stay healthy. Plants make
their own food by the process of photosynthesis. Animal get their food from
plants and other animal.
Living things breathe
living things need to breathe. Different animals use different organ to breathe
for example some animal use their nose, fishes uses their gills and worms use
their skin. We breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide through our
nose. Plants breathe through opening present in their leaves called stomata.
Living things grow and develop
living thing eats they receive energy which helps them in their growth. Living
things grow from smaller to larger and finally become adult. We human being
born and grow into adults. Seed grows into baby plant and finally into big
plant or tree.
Living things die
living thing grow and become old and finally die.
Living things move
living things show some sort of movements. They can move their body part .Plant
usually do not move from one place to another but can move their parts. For
example, they move its root downward to obtain water and mineral nutrients from
soil and the shoot upward for sunlight.
All living show internal movement and some living things show external
movement too such as walking, jumping, flying, swimming etc.
Living things feel
things react to changes in their environment. They usually respond to touch,
light, heat, cold and sound etc.
Living things reproduce
living things produce new organism of its kind. Some animals produce babies and
some lay eggs. Plants mainly reproduce through seeds which can germinate in
suitable condition and grow into new plants.
-To be called living thing, particular thing should have all above
characteristics. For example car show few characteristics of living things such
as it need fuel for energy and can move from one place to another but it is not
a living thing as it does not have other characteristics of living things.