we look in our surrounding, we discover different kind of animals. Animals are found all over the world. They
differ in sizes, shapes, color and in kind of places they live in. Animals are
living beings and need food, water, and shelter to live.
Types of animals are:
Wild Animals –
Animal that lives in nature / forest (i.e. shelter is not provided by man) and
are responsible for getting their own food and water are called wild animal. Some
of the wild animal we can see in zoo. Wild animals are fierce and dangerous.
Lion is called ‘The king of Jungle’. Example includes foxes, deer, lion, bear,
Domestic animal –
Those animals that depend on humans for its shelter, food, water, and general
care are called domestic animals. Examples include house cats, dogs, parakeets,
a cow, horse, sheep, pig etc.
Pet animal –
Pet animals are domestic animals that are kept for companionship and amusement.
Pet animal includes dog, cat, parrot, myna etc.
Farm animal - Farm
animals are the animals that are reared for a purpose that is for their meat,
their milk, their hair, or something else. Example includes sheep goat, cow,
Note: - Whether an animal is domestic or a wild depend on the
situation. For example, people domesticate horse and hence it is a domestic
animal but horses also found in jungle, hence it is a wild animal.
Land animals – Animals that live primarily on land is
called land animal. Example includes peacock, horse, rhinoceros, elephant, giraffe,
Water animals - Animals that lives in water are called
water animal. They have specialized organs called gills, or directly through
its skin to breathe in water. Example includes whale, shark, dolphin, seahorse,
octopus, fish etc.
Birds - Birds
are the animals with feathers, wings and two-legs and a beak without teeth. Most
of the birds fly but some birds can swim in water also. For example duck.
Animal that has six legs and generally one or two pairs of wings are called
insects. Insects are the largest group in the animal kingdom. Example includes
lady bird, cockroach, housefly, butterfly, grasshopper etc.
How animal are useful to
are useful to us in many ways.
· Many animals such as ox and bullock are
used to plough the field.
· Donkey, camel and many other animals are
used to carry loads from one place to other especially in villages.
· Animals like cows, buffalos, goats provide
· We get eggs from hen and duck.
· Sheep are reared for wool and silkworm for
silk. Woolen clothes that we wear are made of wool. Clothes are also made of
· Animals like dogs guard our houses and are
good companion of human beings.