Ans. Characteristics of the unorganised sector
Ans. Existing employment structure in the agriculture sector
Ans. 'People as Resource' is a way of referring to a country’s working people in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities. Population becomes human capital when there is investment made in the form of education, training and medical care. In fact, human capital is the stock of skill and productive knowledge embodied in them.
Ans. The eleventh plan endeavored to increase the enrolment in higher education of the 18 to 23 years age group to 15% by 2011-12. The strategy focuses on increasing access, quality, adoption of states-specific curriculum modification, vocationalisation and networking on the use of information technology. The plan also focuses on distant education, convergence of formal, non-formal, distant and IT education institutions.
Ans. The various activities have been classified into three main sectors i.e., primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary sector includes agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry farming, mining, and quarrying. Manufacturing is included in the secondary sector. Trade, transport, communication, banking, education, health, tourism, services, insurance etc. are included in the tertiary sector.
Ans. A large population can be turned into a productive asset by investment in human capital
Ans. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan
Ans. In case of India educated unemployment has become a common phenomenon. Many youth with matriculation, graduation and post-graduation degrees are not able to find job. A study showed that unemployment of graduate and post-graduate has increased faster than among matriculates. A paradoxical manpower situation is witnessed as surplus of manpower in certain categories coexist with shortage of manpower in others.
Ans. Over the last five decades India has built up a vast health infrastructure and has developed man power required at primary, secondary and tertiary sector in Government as well as in the private sector. These measures adopted have increased the life expectancy to over 65 years in 2011. Infant mortality rate (IMR) has come down from 147 in 1951 to 47 in 2010. Crude birth rates have dropped to 22.1 and death rates to 7 within the same duration of time.
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