Ans. Poverty reduction is the India’s most compelling challenge.
Ans. In West Bengal, land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty.
Ans. Poverty has resurfaced in Russia, where officially it was non-existent earlier.
Ans. One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.
Ans. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs.
Ans. Kerala has focused more on human resource development and thus succeeded in reducing poverty.
Ans. In recent years, analysis of poverty is becoming rich through a variety of new concepts like social exclusion and vulnerability.
Ans. Orissa and Bihar continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47 and 43 per cent respectively.
Ans. Factors of human poverty are food and shelter, health care, education and job security, and gender equality and dignity for the poor.
Ans. There has been a significant decline in poverty in Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and West Bengal.
Ans. Poverty declined substantially in China as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development.
Ans. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms.
Ans. In Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu public distribution of food grains could have been responsible for the improvement.
Ans. States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates.
Ans. Two consequences of poverty are:
Ans. Mahatama Gandhi always insisted that India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its people become free of human suffering.
Ans. Since people living in rural areas engage themselves in more physical work, calorie requirements in rural areas are considered to be higher than urban areas.
Ans. Due to high population growth, the pressure on resources will increase. People will have to manage with a smaller share of resources. This situation will cause more poverty.
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