children of educated parents
children of uneducated parents
1. They are also educated because their parents invest heavily on the education of their children.
1. They are also uneducated because their parents do not invest on the education of their children.
2. They are healthy as their parents are also conscious of proper nutrition and hygiene.
2. They are not healthy as their parents are not conscious of proper nutrition and hygiene.
3. They get good job and salary as they are well educated.
3. They do not get job easily.
Ans. The quality of population depends upon the literacy rate, health of a person indicated by life expectancy and skill formation acquired by the people of the country. The quality of the population ultimately decides the growth rate of the country. Illiterate and unhealthy population are a liability for the economy.
Illiterate and unhealthy population are a liability due to the following reasons:
Ans. Investment in human capital yields a return just like investment in physical capital.
Ans. Measures taken by the government are:
Opening of Navodaya Vidyalaya - There is also an establishment of pace setting of schools like Navodaya Vidyalaya in each district. Vocational streams have been developed to equip large number of high school students with occupations related to knowledge and skills.
Sarva Siksha Abhiyan - Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is a significant step towards providing elementary education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years timebound initiative of the central government, in partnership with the states, the local government and the community for achieving the goal of universalisation of elementary education.
Mid-day meal scheme - Mid-day meal scheme has been implemented to encourage attendance and retention of children and improve their nutritional status.
Ans. Seasonal unemployment
Seasonal unemployment happens when people are not able to find jobs during some months of the year. People dependent upon agriculture usually face such kind of problem. There are certain busy seasons when sowing, harvesting, weeding and threshing is done. Certain months do not provide much work to the people dependent on agriculture.
In case of disguised unemployment people appear to be employed. They have agricultural plot where they find work. This usually happens among family members engaged in agricultural activity. The work requires the service of five people but engages eight people. Three people are extra. If three people are removed the productivity of the field will not decline. The field requires the service of five people and the three extra people are disguised unemployed.
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