Features of India
Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given
i. A landmass bounded by sea on three sides is referred to as
(a) Coast (c) Peninsula
(b) Island (d) none of the above
ii. Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its
boundary with Myanmar are collectively called as
(a) Himachal (c) Purvachal
(b) Uttarakhand (d) none of the above
iii. The western coastal strip, south of Goa is referred to as
(a) Coromandel (c) Kannad
(b) Konkan (d) Northern Circar
iv. The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is
(a) Anai Mudi (c) Mahendragiri
(b) Kanchenjunga (d) Khasi
Q2. Name the only large river in the Indian Desert region.
Q3. Name the northern part of eastern coast of India.
Ans. Konkan Coast
Q4. Name the most continuous range of Himalayas consisting of
the lofty peaks.
Ans. The Great or Inner Himalayas or the ‘Himadri’
Q5. Which range of Himalayas lies between Himadri and Shiwaliks?
Name the Himalayan range lying between Himadri and Shiwaliks.
Ans. Himachal or lesser Himalaya
Q6. How long are east-west distances covered by the Himalayas?
What is the length of the Himalayan range?
Ans. 2400 km
Q7. In which state Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills are located?
Name the state in which Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills are
Q8. What is the width of bhabar?
8 to 16 km
Q9. Which is the highest peak of the Western Ghats?
Ans. Anai Mudi (2,695metres)
Q10. Name the plateau that lies between the Aravali and the Vindhya
Q11. Name the mountain range which bounds Central Highlands on
Ans. The Aravali Hills
Q12. Give the name of the southern half of the Eastern Coastal
strip of India.
Ans. Coromandel Coast
Q13. Name the part of the Himalaya lying between Kali and Tista
Ans. The Nepal Himalayas lies between the Kali and
Q14. Name the part of the Himalaya lying between Tista and
Ans. The Assam Himalayas lies between the Tista and
Q15. Name any two famous valleys located in Himachal Pradesh.
Ans. The Kangra and Kullu Valleys are located in Himachal
Q16. Where are most of the volcanoes and earthquakes in the
Ans. Most volcanoes and earthquakes in the world are
located at plate margins, but some do occur within the plates.
Q17. What is Gondwana land?
Ans. It is the southern part of the ancient super
continent Pangea with Angara Land in the northern part.
Q18. Which is the youngest mountain range in India?
Ans. The Himalayas is the geologically young and
structurally fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of
Q19. Which is the largest saltwater lake in India? Name the
state in which it is located.
Ans. The Chilika Lake is the largest salt water lake
in India. It lies in the state of Orissa, to the south of the Mahanadi delta.
Q20. In which island is active volcano found in Andaman and Nicobar
Ans. India’s only active volcano is found on Barren
island in Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands.