Topic outline

    • Physical Features of India

      Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
         i. A landmass bounded by sea on three sides is referred to as

            (a) Coast     (c) Peninsula

            (b) Island    (d) none of the above

         Ans. (c) Peninsula


         ii. Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its boundary with Myanmar are collectively called as

           (a) Himachal       (c) Purvachal

           (b) Uttarakhand   (d) none of the above

        Ans. (c) Purvachal


         iii. The western coastal strip, south of Goa is referred to as

           (a) Coromandel   (c) Kannad

           (b) Konkan         (d) Northern Circar

        Ans. (c) Kannad


         iv. The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is

           (a) Anai Mudi         (c) Mahendragiri

           (b) Kanchenjunga   (d) Khasi

        Ans. (c) Mahendragiri


      Q2. Name the only large river in the Indian Desert region.

      Ans. Luni


      Q3. Name the northern part of eastern coast of India.

      Ans. Konkan Coast


      Q4. Name the most continuous range of Himalayas consisting of the lofty peaks.

      Ans. The Great or Inner Himalayas or the ‘Himadri’


      Q5. Which range of Himalayas lies between Himadri and Shiwaliks?
      Name the Himalayan range lying between Himadri and Shiwaliks.

      Ans. Himachal or lesser Himalaya


      Q6. How long are east-west distances covered by the Himalayas?
      What is the length of the Himalayan range?

      Ans. 2400 km


      Q7. In which state Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills are located?
      Name the state in which Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills are located.

      Ans. Meghalaya


      Q8. What is the width of bhabar?

      Ans. 8 to 16 km


      Q9. Which is the highest peak of the Western Ghats?

      Ans. Anai Mudi (2,695metres)


      Q10. Name the plateau that lies between the Aravali and the Vindhya ranges.

      Ans. Malwa Plateau


      Q11. Name the mountain range which bounds Central Highlands on the northwest.

      Ans. The Aravali Hills


      Q12. Give the name of the southern half of the Eastern Coastal strip of India.

      Ans. Coromandel Coast


      Q13. Name the part of the Himalaya lying between Kali and Tista rivers.

      Ans. The Nepal Himalayas lies between the Kali and Tista rivers.


      Q14. Name the part of the Himalaya lying between Tista and Dihang rivers.

      Ans. The Assam Himalayas lies between the Tista and Dihang rivers.


      Q15. Name any two famous valleys located in Himachal Pradesh.

      Ans. The Kangra and Kullu Valleys are located in Himachal Pradesh.


      Q16. Where are most of the volcanoes and earthquakes in the world located?

      Ans. Most volcanoes and earthquakes in the world are located at plate margins, but some do occur within the plates.


      Q17. What is Gondwana land?

      Ans. It is the southern part of the ancient super continent Pangea with Angara Land in the northern part.


      Q18. Which is the youngest mountain range in India?

      Ans. The Himalayas is the geologically young and structurally fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of India.


      Q19. Which is the largest saltwater lake in India? Name the state in which it is located.

      Ans. The Chilika Lake is the largest salt water lake in India. It lies in the state of Orissa, to the south of the Mahanadi delta.


      Q20. In which island is active volcano found in Andaman and Nicobar islands?

      Ans. India’s only active volcano is found on Barren island in Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands.

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