Topic outline

    • India – Size and Location

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                               i.        The ‘Indira Point’ got submerged under the sea water in 2004 during the Tsunami.

                              ii.        8°4'N is the southern-most latitude of India.

                             iii.        The main land of India extends between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E.

                             iv.        To the southeast and southwest of the mainland, lie the Andaman and Nicobar islands and the Lakshadweep islands in Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea respectively.

                              v.        The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30'N) divides the country into almost two equal parts.

                            vi.        India is the seventh largest country of the world.


      Q2. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
      i. The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
         (a) Rajasthan (c) Chhattisgarh
         (b) Orissa      (d) Tripura

      Ans. (b) Orissa     


      ii. The easternmost longitude of India is
         (a) 97° 25' E   (c) 77° 6' E
         (b) 68° 7' E     (d) 82° 32' E

      Ans. (a) 97° 25' E 


      iii. Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with
         (a) China     (c) Nepal
         (b) Bhutan   (d) Myanmar

      Ans. (c) Nepal


      iv. If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
         (a) Puducherry      (c) Andaman and Nicobar
         (b) Lakshadweep   (d) Diu and Daman

      Ans. (b) Lakshadweep  


      v. My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with
      India. Identify the country.
         (a) Bhutan       (c) Bangladesh
         (b) Tajikistan    (d) Nepal

      Ans. (b) Tajikistan   


      Q3. Answer the following questions briefly.
      (i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.

      Ans. Lakshadweep islands lie in the Arabian Sea.


      (ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.

      Ans. Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil and Australia are the countries that are larger than India.


      (iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?

      Ans. The Andaman and Nicobar islands lie to the south-east of India.


      (iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?

      Ans. Our southern neighbours across the sea consist of the two island countries, namely Sri Lanka and Maldives.


      Q4. What is the land boundary of India?

      Ans. India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km.


      Q5. What is the western most longitude of India?

      Ans. The western most longitude of India is 68°7'E in Gujarat.


      Q6. If you intend to visit Lakshadweep during your winter vacations, which water body would you have to cross?

      Ans. Arabian Sea


      Q7. Which states do not have an international border or lie on the coast?

      Ans. The states do not share an international boundary or lie on the cost are Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh.


      Q8. Area-wise which is the smallest and which is the largest state?

      Ans. Largest State - Rajasthan (342,239 Sq km)

             Smallest State – Goa (3,702 Sq km)


      Q9. What is the length of Indian coastline?

      Ans. The total length of the coast line of the mainland including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is 7,516.6 km.


      Q10. India’s total area accounts for what percentage of the geographical area of the world?

      Ans. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world.


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