Q33. Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The
first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the
more recent Interim Constitution of Nepal.
Constitution of Nepal
Article 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the Kingdom of Nepal shall be vested in His Majesty and the Council of Ministers.
Article 37: Executive Power: The executive power of Nepal shall be vested in the Council of Ministers.
1990 Constitution of
In 1990, Nepal was a monarchy
In 2007, Nepal adopted an
The previous Constitution of Nepal, which had been adopted in 1990, reflected
the fact that the final authority rested with the King.
According to the Interim constitution drafted in 2007, the executive powers
of Nepal are in the hands of the council of ministers headed by the Prime
needs a new Constitution today because
Nepal, by moving from a monarchy to a
democratic government, needs to change all its constitutive rules in order to
usher in a new society.
The previous Constitution does not reflect
the ideals of the country that they want Nepal to be, and that they have fought
Q34. Listed below are the key features of the Indian
Constitution. Write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this
feature is important:
Separation of Powers
Parliamentary Form of Government
This refers to the existence of more than
one level of government in the country. In India, we have governments at the
state level and at the centre. Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government.
Under federalism, the states are not merely
agents of the federal government but draw their authority from the Constitution
All persons in India are governed by laws
and policies made by each of these levels of government.
According to the Constitution, there are
three organs of government. These are the legislature, the executive and the
In order to prevent the misuse of power by
any one branch of government, the Constitution says that each of these organs
should exercise different powers.
Through this, each organ acts as a check on
the other organs of government and this ensures the balance of power between
Fundamental Rights guarantees the rights of
individuals against the State as well as against other individuals.
It also guarantees the rights of minorities
against the majority.
Form of Government
The Constitution of India guarantees
universal adult suffrage for all citizens. This would help encourage
a democratic mindset and break the clutches of traditional caste, class and
gender hierarchies. This means that the people of India have a
direct role in electing their representatives.
Also, every citizen of the country,
irrespective of his/her social background, can also contest in elections.
representatives are accountable to the people.