Q27. How does the government raise funds to provide public
Where does the government get money for the public facilities?
Ans. The main source of revenue for the government is
the taxes collected from the people, and the government is empowered to collect
these taxes and use them for such programmes. For instance, to supply water, the
government has to incur costs in pumping water, carrying it over long
distances, laying down pipes for distribution, treating the water for impurities,
and finally, collecting and treating waste water. It meets these expenses
partly from the various taxes that it collects and partly by charging a price
for water. This price is set so that most people can afford a certain minimum amount
of water for daily use.
Q28. How is the sale of water by farmers to water dealers in
Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to
such exploitation of ground water? Can the government do anything in this
Ans. The shortage of water has opened up opportunities
for private companies in a big way. Many private companies are providing water
to cities by buying it from places around the city. In Chennai, water is taken
from nearby towns like Mamandur, Palur, Karungizhi and from villages to the
north of the city using a fleet of over 13,000 water tankers. Every month the
water dealers pay farmers an advance for the rights to exploit water sources on
their land. This is water taken away not just from agriculture but also from
the drinking water supplies of the villagers. Ground water levels have dropped
drastically in all these towns and villages as a result. Hence, the local
people can object to this trade of water.
it is the government who can sort out this problem. The government needs to
help the people of the city by providing them adequate water.
Q29. Private educational
institutions – schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational
training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other
hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relatively less
important. What do you think would be the impact of this? Discuss.
Ans. Private educational institutions- schools,
colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming
up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run
by the government are becoming relatively less important. This will have a
multifarious impact on India, in the long run. Private institutions levy very high
fees, which only affluent people can afford. So the quality education can be
availed by only rich people. If educational institutions run by government are
not up to the mark, the weaker sections of the society are deprived of quality
people stop using educational facilities provided by the government, the latter
will soon become redundant. Poor people cannot afford to educate their children
in private institutions; consequently, this trend will only serve to heighten
the gap between the rich and the poor.