Q17. Why does a lack of proper sanitation affect women and girls
Ans. Lack of proper sanitation affects women and girls
more acutely because they often have to wait until dark to go to the toilet. To
avoid the need for such frequent toilet use, women often drink less, causing
severe health impacts.
Q18. What is company?
Ans. A company is a form of business set up by people
or by the government. Those that are promoted and owned by individuals or
groups are called private companies. For example, Tata Steel is a private
company whereas Indian Oil is a company run by the government.
Q19. What do you think would happen if the government withdraws
from the task of supplying water?
Ans. If the government withdraws from the task of
supplying water it would lead to an increase in the price of water because the
private enterprises would not be willing to do it at a lower cost. It would
lead to great unrest in the country.
Q20. Do you think that lack of access to proper sanitation facilities
affects peoples’ lives? How?
Ans. Yes, lack of access to proper sanitation
facilities indeed affects the lives of the people adversely. Lack of such
facilities leads to Cholera, typhoid and also respiratory and skin problems.
Lack of proper sanitation facility can also leads to death of adults and
Q21. Why is water considered as a part of the fundamental right
Ans. Water is essential for life and for good health.
Not only is it necessary for us to be able to meet our daily needs but safe
drinking water can prevent many water-related diseases. Thus, water is
considered as a part of the fundamental right to life.
Q22. Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our
country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.
Ans. Distribution of public facilities in our country
is not adequate and fair. Compared to the metros and large cities, towns and
villages are under-provided. Compared to wealthy localities, the poorer
localities are under-serviced.
Q23. Write a short note on ‘sulabh’.
Ans. Sulabh, a non-government organisation, has been
working for three decades to address the problems of sanitation facing
low-caste, low-income people in India. It has constructed more than 7,500
public toilet blocks and 1.2 million private toilets, giving access to
sanitation to 10 million people. The majority of the users of Sulabh facilities
are from the poor working class.
Q24. Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools
located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?
Ans. The private hospitals and private schools are opened
with the sole motive of earning profit. They charge high amount of money from
their customers. The hefty amount of money; charged by such hospitals and
schools; can only be affordable for people in major cities. Thus, most of the
private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns
or rural areas.
Q25. What are the characteristics of Public Facilities?
What is the importance of public facilities?
Ans. The important characteristic of a public facility
is that once it is provided, its benefits can be shared by many people. For
instance, a school in the village will enable many children to get educated.
Similarly, the supply of electricity to an area can be useful for many people:
farmers can run pumpsets to irrigate their fields, people can open small workshops
that run on electricity, students will find it easier to study and most people
in the village will benefit in some way or the other.
Q26. Do you think water in Chennai is available and affordable
by all? Discuss.
Ans. Water supply in Chennai is marked by shortages.
Municipal supply meets only about half the needs of the people of the city, on
an average. There are areas which get water more regularly than others. Those
areas that are close to the storage points get more water whereas colonies further
away receive less water. The burden of shortfalls in water supply falls mostly
on the poor. The middle class, when faced with water shortages, are able to cope
through a variety of private means such as digging borewells, buying water from
tankers and using bottled water for drinking. Apart from the availability of
water, access to ‘safe’ drinking water is also available to some and this
depends on what one can afford.