Q18. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power
of elected representatives?
If there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives the
leaders might misuse the powers given to them. Misuse of authority can result
in gross injustice. Thus, in democratic societies, the Constitution often lays
down rules that guard against this misuse of authority by our political leaders.
Q19. What is Constitutional Monarchy?
Ans. A system of government in which a country is
ruled by a king and queen whose power is limited by a constitution.
Until quite recently, Nepal was a monarchy. The previous Constitution of Nepal,
which had been adopted in 1990, reflected the fact that the final authority
rested with the King.
Q20. Mention the key features of the Indian Constitution.
Ans. The key features of the Indian constitution are:-
Parliamentary Form of Government
Separation of Powers
Q21. State the six Fundamentals Rights in the Indian Constitution.
The Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution include:
Right to Equality
Right to Freedom
Right against Exploitation
Right to Freedom of Religion
Cultural and Educational Rights
Right to Constitutional Remedies
Q22. What do you mean by tyranny of majority?
Tyranny of the majority refers to unhealthy situations where a majority continuously
enforces decisions that exclude minorities and go against their interests.
society is prone to this tyranny of the majority. The
Constitution usually contains rules that ensure that minorities are not
excluded from anything that is routinely available to the majority. Constitution
is precisely to prevent this tyranny or domination by the majority of a
Q23. Discuss the difference between State and Government.
Ans. ‘Government’ is responsible for administering and
enforcing laws. The government can change with elections. The State on the
other hand refers to a political institution that represents a sovereign people
who occupy a definite territory. Example - the Indian State, the Nepali State
etc. The Indian State has a democratic form of government. The government (or the
executive) is one part of the State. The State refers to more than just the
government and cannot be used interchangeably with it.
Q24. What are the functions of the three main organs of the
What are the three organs of government?
Explain the functions of organs of government.
to the Constitution, there are three organs of government. These are the
legislature, the executive and the judiciary.
The legislature refers to our elected
The executive is a smaller group of people
who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government.
The judiciary refers to the system of
courts in this country.
Q25. What are the factors the drafting committee had to take
into consideration while drafting the constitution?
country was made up of several different communities who spoke different
languages, belonged to different religions, and had distinct cultures. Also,
when the Constitution was being written, India was going through considerable
turmoil. The partition of the country into India and Pakistan was imminent,
some of the Princely States remained undecided about their future, and the
socio-economic condition of the vast mass of people appeared dismal. All of
these issues played on the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly as
they drafted the Constitution.
Q26. Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
A democratic country needs a Constitution because it serves several purposes.
First, it lays out certain ideals that form
the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in.
The second important purpose of a
Constitution is to define the nature of a country’s political system.
The third significant reason why we need a
Constitution is to save us from ourselves. What is meant by this is that we
might at times feel strongly about an issue that might go against our larger
interests and the Constitution helps us guard against this.