Q1. When was the Hindu Succession Act revised?
Hindu Succession Act was revised in 2005.
Q2. What was Sedition Act of 1870?
According to this Act, any person protesting or criticising the British
government could be arrested without due trial.
Q3. What are the important changes introduced by the Hindu
Succession Amendment Act 2005?
Ans. According to this new law, sons, daughters and
their mothers can get an equal share of family property.
Q4. Mention the year of Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Who gave the
order to shoot the protestors?
Ans. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the
Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919. General Dyer gave the order to
shoot the protestors.
Q5. How is new law introduced in Parliament?
In what form is the law introduced and where?
A Bill is a draft statute which becomes law after it is passed by both the
Houses of Parliament and assented to by the President. All legislative
proposals are brought before Parliament in the forms of Bills.
Q6. State one reason why you think the Sedition Act of 1870 was arbitrary?
This law was arbitrary because persons were arrested for a variety of reasons
that were seldom clarified beforehand as well as because those arrested were
often kept in jail without a trial.
Q7. Mention some of the common laws that govern us.
Ans. Some of the common laws that govern us are:
Specific age of marriage
The age at which a person can vote
The laws dealing with buying and selling of
Q8. Write a short note on Rowlatt Act.
What was Rowlatt Act?
Explain the provisions of Rowlatt Act. How did Indians react to
Act allowed the British government to imprison people without due trial. Indian
nationalists including Mahatma Gandhi were vehement in their opposition to the
Rowlatt bills. Despite the large number of protests, the Rowlatt Act came into
effect on 10 March 1919.
Q9. How was the system of law during ancient times in India?
State the procedure of making law in ancient times.
Ans. In ancient India, there were innumerable and
often overlapping local laws. Different communities enjoyed different degrees
of autonomy in administering these laws among their own. In some cases, the
punishment that two persons received for the same crime varied depending on
their caste backgrounds, with lower castes being more harshly penalised.
Q10. Describe the ‘Rule of Law’.
Ans. Rule of law means that all laws apply equally to
all citizens of the country and no one can be above the law. Neither a government
official, nor a wealthy person nor even the President of the country is above
the law. Any crime or violation of law has a specific punishment as well as a
process through which the guilt of the person has to be established.
Q11. Describe the ways in which the citizens can express their
views in relation to laws made in the Parliament.
Citizens can express their views in relation to laws made in the Parliament in
the following ways:
by holding public meetings,
by writing about it in newspapers,
by reporting to TV news channels etc.
Q12. Elaborate the arguments given by the historians against the
British rule of law in India.
State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the
British introduced the rule of law in India.
It is often believed that it was the British colonialists who introduced the
rule of law in India. Historians have disputed this claim on several grounds,
two of which include: first that colonial law was arbitrary, and second that
the Indian nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal
sphere in British India. One example of the arbitrariness that continued to
exist as part of British law is the Sedition Act of 1870.
Q13. Write in your own words what you understand by the following
sentence on page 44-45: They also began fighting for greater equality and
wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to
obey, to law as including ideas of justice.
This line refers to the protests of Indian nationalists against arbitrary use
of authority by the British. By the end of the nineteenth century, the Indian
legal profession also began emerging and demanded respect in colonial courts.
They began to use law to defend the legal rights of Indians. Indian judges also
began to play a greater role in making decisions. Therefore, there were several
ways in which Indians played a major role in the evolution of the rule of law
during the colonial period.