Do We Need a Parliament?
Q28. Describe the three categories of ministers that assist the
The three categories of Council of Ministers are:
The Cabinet Ministers: The Cabinet
Ministers hold important portfolios like Home, Defence, Finance, External
Affairs, Railways, etc.
Ministers of State: They may or may not
hold an independent charge of any portfolio.
Deputy Ministers: They assist the Cabinet
Ministers and the Council of Ministers.
Q29. "With the coming of Independence we are going to be
citizens of a free country". What did this mean for India?
With the coming of independence, we were going to be citizens of a free country.
This did not mean that the government could do what it felt like, it meant that
the government had to be sensitive to people’s needs and demands. The dreams
and aspirations of the freedom struggle were made concrete in the Constitution
of independent India that laid down the principle of universal adult franchise,
i.e. that all adult citizens of the country have the right to vote.
Q30. How are the representatives elected to the Parliament in
The Parliament in our system has immense powers because it is the
representative of the people. Elections to the Parliament are held in a similar
manner as they are for the state legislature. The Lok Sabha is usually elected once
every five years. The country is divided into numerous constituencies. Each of
these constituencies elects one person to the Parliament. The candidates who
contest elections usually belong to different political parties. Once
elected, these candidates become Members of Parliament or MPs. These MPs
together make up the Parliament.
Q31. Why do you think our national movement supported the idea
that all adults have a right to vote?
Our national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote
because in our struggle for independence people from all walks of life
participated. They came from various backgrounds and were united in their aspirations
for a free, equal and independent nation where decision-making would be in the
hands of the people. The only way in which this would be possible would be
through elections – allowing common people a vantage point from where they can
consent to and approve of a government that “they” have a right to choose.
Q32. Write a short note on Rajya Sabha.
Ans. Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha functions primarily as the
representative of the states of India in the Parliament.
The Rajya Sabha can also initiate
legislation and a bill is required to pass through the Rajya Sabha in order to
become a law. It, therefore, has an important role of reviewing and altering
the laws initiated by the Lok Sabha.
The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected
by the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of various states.
There are 233 elected members plus 12
members nominated by the President.