i. Subjects that were placed on the Union List were taxes, defence and foreign affairs.
ii. Subjects on the Concurrent List were forests and agriculture.
iii. Economic planning by which both the state and the private sector played a role in development was called a mixed economy model.
iv. The death of Potti Sriramulu sparked off such violent protests that the government was forced to give in to the demand for the linguistic state of Andhra.
v. In 1960, the bilingual state of Bombay was divided into separate states for Marathi and Gujarati speakers.
vi. In 1966, the state of Punjab was also divided into Punjab and Haryana.
vii. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was also the foreign minister of newly independent India.
viii. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, respectfully referred to as Babasaheb, belonged to a Marathi-speaking dalit family.
ix. Bridges and dams became the symbol of development in independent India.
x. Dharavi in Bombay is one of the world’s largest slums.
i. At independence, the majority of Indians lived in villages. True
ii. The Constituent Assembly was made up of members of the Congress party. False
iii. Soon after Independence, India chose to grant voting right to all its citizens regardless of gender, class or education. True
iv. India’s population in 1947 was large, almost 345million. True
v. In the first national election, only men were allowed to vote. False
vi. The Second Five Year Plan focused on the development of heavy industry. True
vii. Along with the former Untouchables, the adivasis or Scheduled Tribes were also granted reservation in seats and jobs. True
Ans. Education and Health
Ans. Forests and Agriculture
Ans. The Indian Constitution was adopted on 26 January 1950.
Ans. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is called the father of Indian Constitution.
Ans. On 1 October 1953, the new state of Andhra Pradesh came into being.
Ans. The basic objective of foreign policy of independent India was Non-alignment.
Ans. Vallabhbhai Patel was the first deputy prime minister of Independent India.
Ans. The Bhilai steel plant was set up with the help of the former Soviet Union in 1959.
Ans. Potti Sriramulu was the Gandhian leader who died fasting for a separate state for Telugu speakers.
Ans. Second Five Year Plan focused strongly on the development of heavy industries such as steel, and on the building of large dams.
Ans. The Bhilai steel plant came to be seen as an important sign of the development of modern India after Independence.
Ans. In 1950, the government set up a Planning Commission to help design and execute suitable policies for economic development.
Ans. One feature of the Constitution was its adoption of universal adult franchise. All Indians above the age of 21 would be allowed to vote in state and national elections. This was a revolutionary step – for never before had Indians been allowed to choose their own leaders.
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