Q1. Fill in the blanks.
Subjects that were placed on the Union List
were taxes, defence and foreign affairs.
Subjects on the Concurrent List were forests
Economic planning by which both the state
and the private sector played a role in development was called a mixed economy
The death of Potti Sriramulu sparked
off such violent protests that the government was forced to give in to the
demand for the linguistic state of Andhra.
In 1960, the bilingual state of Bombay was
divided into separate states for Marathi and Gujarati speakers.
In 1966, the state of Punjab was also
divided into Punjab and Haryana.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was also
the foreign minister of newly independent India.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, respectfully referred to
as Babasaheb, belonged to a Marathi-speaking dalit family.
and dams became the symbol of development in independent India.
in Bombay is one of the world’s largest slums.
At independence, the majority of Indians
lived in villages. True
The Constituent Assembly was made up of
members of the Congress party. False
Soon after Independence, India chose to
grant voting right to all its citizens regardless of gender, class or
population in 1947 was large, almost 345million. True
In the first national election, only men
were allowed to vote. False
The Second Five Year Plan focused on the
development of heavy industry. True
Along with the former Untouchables, the
adivasis or Scheduled Tribes were also granted reservation in seats and jobs. True
Q3. Write any two subjects of the State List.
Q4. Write any two subjects of the Concurrent List.
Ans. Forests and Agriculture
Q5. When was Indian Constitution adopted?
Ans. The Indian Constitution was adopted on
26 January 1950.
Q6. Who is called the father of Indian Constitution?
Ans. Dr. B.R.
Ambedkar is called the father of Indian Constitution.
Q7. When did new state of Andhra Pradesh come into existence?
When did the new state of Andhra Pradesh come into being?
Ans. On 1 October 1953, the new state of
Andhra Pradesh came into being.
Q8. What was the basic objective of foreign policy of independent
basic objective of foreign policy of independent India was Non-alignment.
Q9. Who was the first deputy prime minister of Independent
Vallabhbhai Patel was the first deputy prime minister of Independent India.
Q10. When was the Bhilai Steel Plant set up?
Ans. The Bhilai steel plant was set up with
the help of the former Soviet Union in 1959.
Q11. Who was Potti Sriramulu?
Sriramulu was the Gandhian leader who died fasting for a separate state for
Q12. What were the points of focus of the Second Five Year Plan?
Ans. Second Five Year Plan focused strongly
on the development of heavy industries such as steel, and on the building of
Q13. How was the Bhilai steel plant seen?
Ans. The Bhilai
steel plant came to be seen as an important sign of the development of modern
India after Independence.
Q14. What was the role of the Planning Commission?
In 1950, the government set up a Planning Commission to help design and execute
suitable policies for economic development.
Q15. Which step has been described as revolutionary?
feature of the Constitution was its adoption of universal adult franchise. All
Indians above the age of 21 would be allowed to vote in state and national elections.
This was a revolutionary step – for never before had Indians been allowed to
choose their own leaders.