Changing World of Visual Arts
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The art form which observed carefully and
tried to capture exactly what the eye saw is called portraiture.
The style of painting which showed Indian
landscape as a quaint, unexplored land is called picturesque.
Paintings which showed the social lives of Europeans
in India are called Kalighat painting.
Paintings which depicted scenes from
British imperial history and their victories are called history painting.
Q2. Point out which of the following were brought in with
British art: (a) oil painting (b) miniatures (c) life-size portrait painting
(d) use of perspective (e) mural art
Ans. (a) oil painting (c) life-size portrait painting
and (d) use of perspective
Q3. Name the title of the book written by kakuzo. What was it
Ans. In 1904, Okakura Kakuzo published a book in Japan
called The Ideals of the East. This book is famous for its opening lines: “Asia
Q4. What were the three categories of Imperial Art?
How many categories of imperial arts were there?
The Imperial Art was prevalent in India during the British colonial rule can be
classified into three categories: - Landscape Painting, Portrait Painting and History
Q5. Define Gothic with example.
Ans. The pointed arches in the buildings and the
elongated structures are typical of a style known as Gothic. The new buildings
that came up in the mid-nineteenth century in Bombay were mostly in this style.
Q6. How did the Patuas and Kumhars develop the new form of
Kalighat painters began to use shading to
give a rounded effect, to make the images look 3- dimensional.
Painters starting using bold, non-realistic
style, to show figures emerge large and powerful, with a minimum of lines,
detail and colors.
Though the images were not realistic and
Q7. Compare the painting styles of Raja Ravi Varma and Abanindranath
Describe the major difference between styles of Raja Ravi Varma
and Abanindranath Tagore.
Ans. Abanindranath Tagore rejected the art of Ravi Varma
as imitative and westernised, and declared that such a style was unsuitable for
depicting the nation’s ancient myths and legends. He felt that a genuine Indian
style of painting had to draw inspiration from non-Western art traditions, and
try to capture the spiritual essence of the East.
Q8. Describe the images produced by “Calcutta art studio”?
One of the most successful of these presses that were set up in late-nineteenth-century
Calcutta was the Calcutta Art Studio. It produced lifelike images of eminent
Bengali personalities as well as mythological pictures. But these mythological
pictures were realistic. The figures were located in picturesque landscape
settings, with mountains, lakes, rivers and forests.
Q9. Write a short note on kalighat paintings?
Ans. Kalighat painting originated in the 19th century
Bengal, in the vicinity of Kalighat temple of Kolkata. The paintings developed
as a distinct school of Indian painting. The paintings depicted Hindu gods,
goddesses, and other mythological characters. The styles of these paintings
were characterized by broad sweeping brush lines, bold colours and simple
Q10. In what ways did the Daniell brothers contrast the image of
traditional India with colonial India?
Ans. Daniells contrast the image of traditional India
with that of life under British rule. In one of his paintings he represented the
traditional life of India as pre-modern, changeless and motionless, typified by
faqirs, cows, and boats sailing on the river. In other painting he represented the
modernising influence of British rule, by emphasising a picture of dramatic
Q11. In what way did the British history paintings in India reflect
the attitudes of imperial conquerors?
Ans. The British history paintings once again
celebrated the British: their power, their victories and supremacy. The
painting dramatises the event and glorifies the British triumph. Imperial
history paintings sought to create a public memory of imperial triumphs. Victories
had to be remembered, implanted in the memory of people, both in India and
Britain. Only then could the British appear invincible and all-powerful.